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Fournier, A. M. V., and D. G. Krementz. 2017. Confirmation of diving and swimming behavior in the Sora (Porzana carolina). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 130:778-780.


We first observed Sora (Porzana carolina) swimming and diving under water while capturing them
with hand nets at night. Since that time, we have observed the behavior several times and documented it with photos and video. Rails are among the most elusive birds. Despite living in wetlands, water depth has often been discussed as a factor limiting habitat use by rails, with the assumption that when water levels are too deep, rails walk on top of floating
or emergent vegetation. Here we present new photo and video evidence that confirms previous observations that Sora are adept at swimming and diving in deep water wetland environments, which should alter how we think about their ability to avoid predators and use deeper water habitats.


Current Staff

Federal Staff: 2

Masters Students: 1

Phd Students: 4

Post Docs: 1

University Staff: 1

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 17

Scientific Publications: 31

Presentations: 56



FSP Initiated
September 2018


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Unit Authors

Arkansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
  2. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  3. U.S. Geological Survey
  4. University of Arkansas
  5. Wildlife Management Institute