Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
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Use and satisfaction of public hunting opportunities


January 2014 - December 2018


The retention and recruitment of hunters is of increasing concern to wildlife management agencies nationwide. A lack of access to quality hunting opportunities is often deemed as the primary reason why people quit hunting. In an effort to provide hunting opportunities for their constituency, the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission invests considerable time and resources into the development and management of public Wildlife Management Areas and private lands open to public access through the Open Fields and Waters Program. Although investment in these programs is assumed to fulfill the needs of the hunting community, evaluating the use of public or private land by hunters, and their overall satisfaction with the hunting experience is challenging. Currently, the majority of hunter participation, satisfaction, and harvest data are collected at coarse spatial and temporal scales, through post-season surveys. Unfortunately, this data does not provide the preferred resolution needed to appropriately manage individual Wildlife Management Areas or Open Fields and Waters sites. Moreover, it does not allow managers to assess the value of their investment in particular lands. The effect of hunting and hunter participation on wildlife populations, hunter recruitment and retention, and local economies is likely acting at multiple scales that are currently not considered when managing wildlife resources. Given the limited resources available for wildlife management, managers need a better understanding of hunter participation at the scales for which management actions occur if they are expected to manage lands appropriately.

From 2014-2017 we worked with the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission to assess recreational activities on more than 500 properties from eight focal areas spread across Nebraska. In total, we conducted more than 110,000 point-surveys that identified in excess of 11,000 cars. We also interviewed more than 7,000 users of publically accessible lands in Nebraska. Users represented an array of outdoor enthusiasts from 44 different states, with upwards of 80% of the fall users being hunters. We are currently analyzing the data to understand how users of publically accessible lands distribute on the landscape in the hopes of helping managers identify effective strategies for providing opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts in Nebraska.

Research Products and Activities

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Fontaine, J.J., A.D. Fedele, L.S. Wszola, L.N. Messinger, J.J. Lusk, K.L. Decker, J.S. Taylor, and E.F. Stuber. Hunters and their perceptions of public access: a view of hunter engagement from afield. J. Fish and Wildlife Management
  • Gruber, L.F., E.F. Stuber, L.S. Wszola and J.J. Fontaine. Estimating use of public lands: Integrated model of open populations with convolution likelihood ecological abundance regression. Bayesian Analysis
  • Wszola, L. S., A. L. Madsen, E. F. Stuber, C. J. Chizinski, J. J. Lusk, J. S. Taylor, K. L. Pope, and J. J. Fontaine. Submitted. Public access for modern upland hunters: understanding an emerging need. Journal of Wildlife Management and Wildlife Monographs.
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  • Wszola, L. 2017. Mapping the Ecology of Information: Hierarchical Habitat Selection by Nebraska Pheasant Hunters. M.S. Thesis. University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Current Staff

Federal Staff: 95

Masters Students: 240

Phd Students: 143

Post Docs: 52

University Staff: 245

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 702

Scientific Publications: 1948

Presentations: 4246



  • Joseph FontainePrincipal Investigator
  • Lyndsie WszolaStudent

Funding Agencies

  • Nebraska Game and Parks Commission


Cooperative Research Units Program Headquarters Cooperators

  1. U.S. Geological Survey