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Habitat use of post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests in north-central MN


August 2005 - September 2010


Compared to use of nesting habitat, habitat use by forest-nesting songbirds following fledging is relatively poorly understood. Recent studies based on point counts and mist-netting, and monitoring movement of fledglings via radio-telemetry, suggest that for at least some species of forest-nesting songbirds, habitat use post-fledging can be quite different from breeding-habitat use. To date, information regarding habitat use following fledging for forest nesting birds is limited to a few studies from eastern (Virginia and West Virginia) and southern (Missouri) deciduous forests, and from only a few species of forest-nesting birds. No published information regarding post-fledging habitat use exists for northern hardwood-coniferous forest birds in the western Great Lakes region. Forest-management plans that incorporate considerations for forest-nesting birds generally do not consider habitat use following fledging. A more complete understanding of habitat use by forest-nesting birds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests would provide the basis for better incorporating considerations for forest-nesting birds in forest management in the western Great Lakes region.
Specifically, our goals are to (1) determine what species of forest-nesting birds (both adults and fledglings) use a range of habitats from early successional to mature forest during the post-fledging period, and (2) document post-fledging movements and habitat use of selected forest-nesting species in northern hardwood-coniferous forests in northern Minnesota.

Research Products and Activities

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Streby, H. M. and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Seasonal productivity in a population of migratory songbirds: why nest data are not enough. Ecosphere 2: Article 78. Publisher Website | 
  • Streby, H.M., S.M. Peterson, and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Invertebrate availability and vegetation characteristics explain use of non-nesting cover types by mature-forest songbirds during the post-fledging period. Journal of Field Ornithology 82:406-414.
  • Streby, H.M., S.M. Peterson, T. L. McAllister, and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Use of early successional managed northern forest by mature-forest species during the post-fledging period. Condor 113:817-824.
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  • Streby, H.M. 2010. Survival and habitat use by post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in managed mixed northern hardwood-coniferous forests. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota U.S.A. 148pp.Download  | 


  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2007. Habitat use of post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests of northern Minnesota. Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Alexandria, Minnesota.
  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2008. Survival and habitat use of fledgling forest nesting songbirds in a managed forest landscape. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Office. Minneapolis,
  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2009. Nesting success does not equal reproductive success: a case study with songbirds. 70th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Springfield, Illinois.
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Current Staff

Federal Staff: 95

Masters Students: 240

Phd Students: 143

Post Docs: 52

University Staff: 245

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 702

Scientific Publications: 1948

Presentations: 4251



Funding Agencies

  • Science Support Partnership


Cooperative Research Units Program Headquarters Cooperators

  1. U.S. Geological Survey