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Causes and consequences of lead pellet ingestion by chukars


May 2007 - December 2010


In a review of lead and non-waterfowl avian species, many have called for additional research on the effects of lead on upland birds, especially raptors. Lead contamination is a pervasive issue. As a result of extensive research, a regulatory ban against lead shot has been implemented for waterfowl species, but the effects of lead on upland species are less well-studied. Available literature for upland bird species is often simply a documentation of ingested lead shot, or reports of individuals of a given species that have succumbed to lead poisoning as a result of lead ingestion. Raptors acquire and accumulate lead through consumption of lead-contaminated species. Humans also risk exposure to unhealthy levels of lead by consuming lead-contaminated wildlife.
Not a single study exists concerning the effects of lead ingestion on chukars. The objectives of this study are to 1) determine whether soils near water sources contain greater abundances of lead pellets, 2) explore potential reasons why chukars ingest lead pellets, and 3) assess the toxicity of lead pellets to chukars.


Current Staff

Federal Staff: 95

Masters Students: 238

Phd Students: 144

Post Docs: 54

University Staff: 239

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 673

Scientific Publications: 1905

Presentations: 4236



  • John BissonettePrincipal Investigator

Funding Agencies

  • Utah Division of Wildlife Resources


Cooperative Research Units Program Headquarters Cooperators

  1. U.S. Geological Survey