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Odonate sample collection and identification for a study of invertebrate communities in Maine’s fishless ponds (Collaborators: P. deMaynadier, R. Butler, UMaine-Farmington)

removing insects from sweep nets at a Downeast Maine fishless lake.<br />


August 2004 - December 2008


While fishless ponds provide a potentially unique habitat for many aquatic invertebrates intolerant of vertebrate predation, widespread fish introductions have led to a decline in naturally fishless habitats throughout North America. We compared odonate assemblages associated with fishless ponds (n=5) in eastern Maine with those found at similarly located and sized (2.7 to 7.7 ha) ponds dominated by either salmonid (n=5) or centrarchid (n=5) fish predators. Three belt transects were established in littoral macrophyte zones at each study pond, and adult Zygoptera (23 spp) and larval Anisoptera (37 spp) were sampled in each transect during two survey periods in June and July 2004. We also quantified a number of site variables at each pond. Fishless ponds were slightly more acidic than centrarchid and salmonid ponds, but there were no differences in other site variables among pond types. Odonate richness and abundance were similar among the three pond types, but species assemblage composition differed significantly with pond type. Non-metric multidimensional scaling and multiple response permutation procedure revealed discrete differences in Zygoptera assemblages at fishless ponds, but not at salmonid and centrarchid ponds. Anisoptera assemblage composition differed among each of the three pond types. We conclude that fishless ponds provide habitat for native odonate assemblages that is unique from that of ponds hosting either warmwater or coldwater fish taxa.

Research Products and Activities


  • Butler, R.G., P.G. deMaynadier, E.G. Schilling, C.S. Loftin. Predation structured Odonata assemblages in fishless, Salmonid and Centrarchid ponds in Maine. Presentation to the Dragonfly Society of the Americas, 2010 Annual Meeting, Orono, ME.

Current Staff

Federal Staff: 99

Masters Students: 225

Phd Students: 143

Post Docs: 53

University Staff: 247

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 658

Scientific Publications: 1872

Presentations: 4186



Funding Agencies

  • Cooperative Research Unit Program


Cooperative Research Units Program Headquarters Cooperators

  1. U.S. Geological Survey