Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
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Assessment of Carbon Dioxide to Enhance Winter Kill in Natural Rearing Ponds used for Fish Production in the Northcentral Region


October 2012 - December 2013


Natural winter kills effectively eliminate unwanted fish species from commercial rearing ponds, saving producers time and money. However, winter kill conditions occur sporadically and are difficult to predict. Eliminating unwanted species (e.g., bullhead, carp) by enhancing natural winter kill conditions can increase harvest and productivity of desired cultured species. Identification of methods that consistently and inexpensively enhance natural winter kill conditions is needed to enhance this natural process and ensure winter kill conditions are reliably achieved in natural rearing ponds. As well, the development of eradication tools for fish species under culture conditions may have direct applicability to the eradication of non-native species on a landscape level for conservation of native species.


Current Staff

Federal Staff: 95

Masters Students: 238

Phd Students: 144

Post Docs: 54

University Staff: 239

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 673

Scientific Publications: 1905

Presentations: 4235



  • Christopher GuyCo-Principal Investigator
  • Molly WebbCo-Principal Investigator
  • Hilary BillmanStaff

Funding Agencies

  • Michigan State University


Cooperative Research Units Program Headquarters Cooperators

  1. U.S. Geological Survey