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Habitat use of post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests in north-central MN


August 2005 - September 2010


Compared to use of nesting habitat, habitat use by forest-nesting songbirds following fledging is relatively poorly understood. Recent studies based on point counts and mist-netting, and monitoring movement of fledglings via radio-telemetry, suggest that for at least some species of forest-nesting songbirds, habitat use post-fledging can be quite different from breeding-habitat use. To date, information regarding habitat use following fledging for forest nesting birds is limited to a few studies from eastern (Virginia and West Virginia) and southern (Missouri) deciduous forests, and from only a few species of forest-nesting birds. No published information regarding post-fledging habitat use exists for northern hardwood-coniferous forest birds in the western Great Lakes region. Forest-management plans that incorporate considerations for forest-nesting birds generally do not consider habitat use following fledging. A more complete understanding of habitat use by forest-nesting birds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests would provide the basis for better incorporating considerations for forest-nesting birds in forest management in the western Great Lakes region.

(1) determine what species of forest-nesting birds (both adults and fledglings) use a range of habitats from early successional to mature forest during the post-fledging period, and
(2) document post-fledging movements and habitat use of selected forest-nesting species in northern hardwood-coniferous forests in northern Minnesota.

Research Products and Activities

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Streby, H. M. and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Seasonal productivity in a population of migratory songbirds: why nest data are not enough. Ecosphere 2: Article 78. Publisher Website | 
  • Streby, H.M., S.M. Peterson, and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Invertebrate availability and vegetation characteristics explain use of non-nesting cover types by mature-forest songbirds during the post-fledging period. Journal of Field Ornithology 82:406-414.
  • Streby, H.M., S.M. Peterson, T. L. McAllister, and D.E. Andersen. 2011. Use of early successional managed northern forest by mature-forest species during the post-fledging period. Condor 113:817-824.
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  • Streby, H.M. 2010. Survival and habitat use by post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in managed mixed northern hardwood-coniferous forests. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota U.S.A. 148pp.Download  | 


  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2007. Habitat use of post-fledging forest-nesting songbirds in northern hardwood-coniferous forests of northern Minnesota. Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Alexandria, Minnesota.
  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2008. Survival and habitat use of fledgling forest nesting songbirds in a managed forest landscape. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Office. Minneapolis,
  • Streby, H.M. and D.E. Andersen. 2009. Nesting success does not equal reproductive success: a case study with songbirds. 70th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Springfield, Illinois.
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Current Staff

Federal Staff: 2

Masters Students: 2

Phd Students: 2

Post Docs: 1

University Staff: 1

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 16

Scientific Publications: 52

Presentations: 98



Funding Agencies

  • Science Support Partnership
  • USFWS Region 3


Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
  2. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  3. U.S. Geological Survey
  4. University of Minnesota
  5. Wildlife Management Institute