Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
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Monitoring the health of wolves by creating bio-fences and using DNA Analyses


November 2009 - December 2012


We have developed several new, non-invasive techniques for wolf population monitoring that do not require capture and handling of wolves. These novel, cutting-edge tools include howlboxes, rub stations, and DNA rendezvous site surveys. These methods have shown great promise over the last 3 years. Continued testing and refinement of these new methods on a statewide scale will ensure they are embraced by the agencies that have made commitments to conserve wolves into the future.

A new non-lethal tool that would protect both wolves and livestock in the Rockies. Specifically, we propose using human-deployed wolf scents and urine to establish a "biofence" that can be used to manipulate wolf pack movements on the landscape. This tool mimics wolves natural behavior of maintaining distance from other packs through scent-marking and can be used to non-lethally decrease conflicts between wolves and livestock and reduce subsequent wolf deaths.


Current Staff

Federal Staff: 2

Masters Students: 9

Phd Students: 9

Post Docs: 0

University Staff: 16

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 7

Scientific Publications: 52

Presentations: 44



Funding Agencies

  • The Bernice Barbour Foundation, Inc.


Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks
  2. The University of Montana
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey
  5. Wildlife Management Institute