Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
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Dr. James Cain III

Research Publications

  • Humagain, K., C. Portillo-Quintero, R.Cox, and J.W. Cain III. 2018. Estimating forest canopy cover dynamics in Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico, using LiDAR and Landsat data. Applied Geography 99:120-132.
  • Gedir, J.V., and J.W. Cain III. 2018. An individual-based model for predicting dynamics of a newly established Mexican wolf population. USGS Open File Report 2018-1126.
  • Quintana, N.T., S.G. Liley, J.W. Cain III, and J.W. Pitman. 2018. Effects of nutrition and calf predation on elk vital rates in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 82:1417–1428.
  • Cain, J.W. III, and M.S. Mitchell. 2018. Evaluation of Key Scientific Issues in the Report, “State of the Mountain Lion: a Call to End Trophy Hunting of America’s Lion”. USGS Open File Report 2018-1128.
  • Cain, J.W. III, J.B. Ashling, and S.G. Liley. 2018. Survival and cause-specific mortality of translocated female mule deer in southern New Mexico, USA. Wildlife Research 45:325-335. Download  | 
  • Goljani, R., J.K. Frey, J.W. Cain III, S.W. Breck, D.L. Bergman. 2018. Predicting spatial factors associated with cattle depredations by the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) with recommendations for depredation risk modeling. Biological Conservation 224:327-335.
  • Gould, M.J., J.W. Cain III, G.W. Roemer, W.R. Gould, and S. G. Liley. 2018. Density of American black bears in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 82:775-788. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W. III, J.V. Gedir, C.A. Caldwell, and S. Carleton. 2018. Assessment of drought impacts on selected fish and wildlife species in the southwestern United States. Final Report to the U.S. Geological Survey, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W. 2018. Book Review: And Then There Were None: The Demise of Desert Bighorn Sheep in the Pusch Ridge Wilderness by Paul R. Krausman. Journal of Wildlife Management 82:475-476.
  • Smith, K.N., T.J. Conkling, M. L. Morrison, J.W. Cain III, and R.N. Wilkins. 2017. Nest height and vertical vegetation associated with black-capped vireo breeding success in southwest Texas. Southeastern Naturalist 16:567-583. Download  | 
  • Roberts, C.P., J.W. Cain III, and R.D. Cox. 2017. Identifying ecologically-relevant scales of habitat selection: diel habitat selection in elk. Ecosphere 8: art e02013. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, J.V. Gedir, P.R. Krausman, J.P. Marshal, J.D. Allen, G.C. Duff, B.D. Jansen and J.R. Morgart. 2017. Extreme precipitation variability, forage quality and large herbivore diet selection in arid environments. Oikos 126:1459-1471. Download  | 
  • Humagain, K., C. Portillo-Quintero, R. Cox, and J.W. Cain III. 2017. Mapping tree density in forests of the Southwestern USA using Landsat 8 data. Forests 8:287. Download  | 
  • Cain III, J.W., M.M. Avery, C.A. Caldwell, L.B. Abbot, and J.L. Holechek. 2017. Diet composition, quality, and overlap of sympatric American pronghorn and gemsbok. Wildlife Biology wlb00296:1-10. DOI:10.2981/wlb.00296 Download  | 
  • Doyle, J.M. T.E. Katzner, G.W. Roemer, J.W. Cain III, B. Millsap, C. McIntyre, S.A. Sonsthagen, N. Fernandez, M. Wheeler, Z. Bulut, P. Bloom, and J.A. DeWoody. 2016. Genetic structure and viability selection in the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), a vagile raptor with a holarctic distribution. Conservation Genetics 17:1307–1322. Download  | 
  • Roberts, C.P., J.W. Cain III, and R.D. Cox. 2016. Application of Activity Sensors for Estimating Behavioral Patterns. Wildlife Society Bulletin 40:764-771 Download  | 
  • Kindschuh, S.R., J.W. Cain III, D. Daniel and M.A. Peyton. 2016. Efficacy of GPS cluster analysis for predicting carnivory sites of a wide-ranging omnivore: the American black bear. Ecosphere 7: art e01513. Download  | 
  • Karsch, R.C., J.W. Cain III, E.M. Rominger, and E.J. Goldstein. 2016. Desert bighorn lambing habitat: Parturition, lamb nursery, and predation sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:1069-1080. Download  | 
  • Gould, M.J., J.W. Cain III, G.W. Roemer, and W.R. Gould. 2016. Estimating abundance and density of American black bears (Ursus americanus) in New Mexico using noninvasive genetic sampling coupled with spatially explicit capture-recapture methods. Report provided by the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Program under agreement with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Cooperator Science Series FWS/CSS-120-2016, National Conservation Training Center. Download  | 
  • Garrison, K.R., J.W. Cain III, E.M. Rominger, and E.J. Goldstein. 2016. Sympatric cattle grazing and desert bighorn sheep foraging. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:197-207. Download  | 
  • Gedir, J.V., J.W. Cain III, P.R. Krausman, J.D. Allen, G.C. Duff, and J.R. Morgart. 2016. Potential foraging decisions by a desert ungulate to balance water and nutrient intake in a water-stressed environment. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148795.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148795 Download  | 
  • Gedir, J.V., J.W. Cain III, G. Harris, and T.T. Turnbull. 2015. Effects of climate change on long-term population growth of pronghorn in an arid environment. Ecosphere 6: art 189. Download  | 
  • Kramer, D.W., G.E. Sorensen, C.A. Taylor R.D. Cox, P.S. Gibson, and J.W. Cain III. 2015. Ungulate exclusion, conifer thinning and mule deer forage in northeastern New Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments 113:29-34. Download  | 
  • O’Shaughnessy, R., J.W. Cain III, N. Owen-Smith. 2014. Comparative diet and habitat selection of puku and lechwe in northern Botswana. Journal of Mammalogy 95:933-942. Download  | 
  • Pitman, J.W., J.W. Cain III, S.G. Liley, W.R. Gould, N.T. Quintana, and W. B. Ballard. 2014. Post-parturition habitat selection by elk calves and adult female elk in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 78:1216-1227. Download  | 
  • Overstreet, M.W., J.W. Cain III, and C.A. Caldwell. 2014. Adult survival, apparent lamb survival, and body condition of desert bighorn sheep in relation to habitat and precipitation on the Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. USFWS NCTC. 20 pages
  • Lewis, J.D., J.W. Cain III, and R. Denkhaus. 2014. Home range and habitat selection of an inland alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) population at the northwestern edge of the distribution range. Southeastern Naturalist 13:261-279. Download  | 
  • Smith, J.B., D.P. Walsh, E.J. Goldstein, Z.D. Parsons, R.C. Karsch, J.R. Stiver, J.W. Cain III, K.J. Raedeke, and J.A. Jenks. 2014. Techniques for capturing bighorn sheep lambs. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38:165-174. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, and S.S. Rosenstock. 2013. Water and Other Welfare Factors, Pages 174-194, in P.R. Krausman and J.W. Cain III, Editors. Wildlife Management: Contemporary Principles and Practices. The Wildlife Society and John Hopkins University Press.
  • Krausman, P.R., and J.W. Cain, III, editors. 2013. Wildlife Management: Contemporary Principles and Practices. The Wildlife Society and John Hopkins University Press.
  • Cain, J.W. III, and J.P. Marhsal, editors. 2013. Proceedings of the IVth International Wildlife Management Congress, Durban, South Africa.
  • Pepper, M.B., L.D. Howery, P.R. Krausman, G.B. Ruyle, J.W. Cain III, and D.W. Schafer. 2013. Adaptive grazing management for cattle and elk forage use in central Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 58:20-27. Download  | 
  • Turnbull, T.T., J.W. Cain, III, and G.W. Roemer. 2013. Anthropogenic impacts to the recovery of the Mexican wolf with a focus on trapping-related incidents. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37:311-318. Download  | 
  • Macandza, V.A., N. Owen-Smith, and J.W. Cain, III. 2012. Dynamic spatial partitioning and coexistence among tall grass grazers in an African savanna. Oikos 121:891-898. Download  | 
  • Macandza, V.A., N. Owen-Smith, and J.W. Cain, III. 2012. Habitat and resource partitioning between abundant and relatively rare grazing ungulates. Journal of Zoology 287:175-185. Download  | 
  • Smith, K.N., J.W. Cain, III, M.L. Morrison, and R.N. Wilkins. 2012. Nesting ecology of the black-capped vireo in southwest Texas. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124:277-285. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, N. Owen-Smith, and V.A. Macandza. 2012. The costs of drinking: comparative water dependency of sable antelope and zebra. Journal of Zoology 286:58-67. Download  | 
  • Smith, K.N., J.W. Cain, III, M.L. Morrison, and R.N. Wilkins. 2012. A Novel Songbird Nest Predator: The Greater Arid-land Katydid. American Midland Naturalist 167:210-212. Download  | 
  • Turnbull, T.T., J.W. Cain, III, G.W. Roemer. 2011. Evaluating trapping techniques to reduce potential for injury to Mexican wolves. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2011-1190.
  • Conkling, T.J., T.L. Pope, K.N. Smith, H.A. Mathewson, M.L. Morrison, R.N. Wilkins, and J.W. Cain, III. 2012. Black-capped vireo nest predator assemblage. Journal of Wildlife Management 76:1401-1411. Download  | 
  • Justice-Allen, A.E., C.J. Luedtke, M.W. Overstreet, J.W. Cain, III, and T.R. Stephenson. 2011. Prevalence of Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae in desert bighorn sheep in Arizona. Desert Bighorn Council Transactions 51:1-10. Download  | 
  • Flesch, A.D., C.W. Epps, J.W. Cain, III, M. Clark, P.R. Krausman, and J.R. Morgart. 2010. Potential effects of the United States-Mexico Border fence on wildlife. Conservation Biology 24:171-181. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, B.D. Jansen, R.S. Felger, and P.R. Krausman. 2010. Scallopleaf sage (Salvia vaseyi, Lamiaceae) discovered in Arizona. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 4:755-760.
  • Marshal, J.P., J.W. Cain, III, V.C. Bleich, and S.S. Rosenstock. 2009. Intrinsic and extrinsic sources of variation in the dynamics of large herbivore populations. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87:103-111. Download  | 
  • Parrini, F., J.W. Cain, III, and P.R. Krausman. 2009. Capra ibex. Mammalian Species 830:1-12. Download  | 
  • Smith, S.M. and J.W. Cain, III. 2009. Foraging efficiency and vigilance behaviour of impala: the influence of herd size and neighbor density. African Journal of Ecology 47:109-118. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, B.D. Jansen, R.R. Wilson, and P.R. Krausman. 2008. Potential thermoregulatory advantages of shade use by desert bighorn sheep. Journal of Arid Environments 72:1518-1525. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, J.R. Morgart, B.D. Jansen, and M.B. Pepper. 2008. Responses of desert bighorn sheep to the removal of water sources. Wildlife Monographs 171. Download  | 
  • Magome, H., J.W. Cain, III, N. Owen-Smith, and S.R. Henley. 2008. Forage selection of sable antelope in Pilanesberg Game Reserve, South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 38:35-41. Download  | 
  • Krausman, P.R., L.K. Harris, R.R. Wilson, J.W. Cain, III, K.K.G. Koenen. 2007. Bombing and Sonoran pronghorn: a clear and present danger? Journal of Wildlife Management 71:2820-2823. Download  | 
  • Owen-Smith, N. and J.W. Cain, III. 2007. Indicators of adaptive responses in home range utilization and movement patterns by a large mammalian herbivore. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 53:423-438. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, and P.R. Krausman, editors. 2006. Proceedings of the 2005 Conference of the Southwest Section of The Wildlife Society. Managing Wildlife in the Southwest: New Challenges for the 21st Century. Southwest Section of The Wildlife Society, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
  • Cain, J.W., III, K.S. Smallwood, H.L. Loffland, and M.L. Morrison. 2006. Influence of mammal activity on nesting success of passerines. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:522-531. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, S.S. Rosenstock, and J.C. Turner. 2006. Thermoregulation and water balance in desert ungulates. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:570-581. Download  | 
  • Krausman, P.R., J. Avey, P.K. Devers, J. Tull, B.D. Jansen, and J.W. Cain, III. 2006. Distances moved by desert mule deer when startled. Southwestern Naturalist 51:436-439.
  • Krausman, P.R., S.S. Rosenstock, and J.W. Cain, III. 2006. Introduction: Developed waters for wildlife: Science, perception, values and controversy. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:563-569. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, H.E. Johnson, and P.R. Krausman. 2005. Wildfire and desert bighorn sheep habitat, Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 50:506-513. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, and B.D. Jansen. 2005. Tree swallow entangled on teddy bear cholla spines. Southwestern Naturalist 50:272-273.
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, B.D. Jansen, and J.R. Morgart. 2005. Influence of topography and GPS fix interval on GPS collar performance. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:926-934. Download  | 
  • Krausman, P.R., J.R. Morgart, L.K. Harris, C.S. O’Brien, J.W. Cain, III, S. S. Rosenstock. 2005. Introduction: Management for the survival of Sonoran pronghorn in the United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:5-7. Download  | 
  • Pepper, M.B., P.R. Krausman, B.D. Jansen, and J.W. Cain, III. 2005. Desert bighorn sheep osteology. Desert Bighorn Council Transactions 48:23-27.
  • Cain, J.W., III, D.M. Queheillalt, M.L. Morrison, and K. Christopherson. 2004. Bird habitat use and bird-aircraft strikes at Beale Air Force Base, California. Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society 40:90-100.
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, and H.L. Germaine. 2004. Antidorcas marsupialis. Mammalian Species 753:1-7. Download  | 
  • Krausman, P.R., V.C. Bleich, J.W. Cain, III, T.R. Stephenson, D.W. DeYoung, P.W. McGrath, P.K. Swift, B.M. Pierce, and B.D. Jansen. 2004. Neck lesions in ungulates from collars incorporating satellite technology. Wildlife Society Bulletin 32:987-991. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, and M.L. Morrison. 2003. Reproductive ecology of dusky flycatchers in montane meadows of the central Sierra Nevada. Western North American Naturalist 63:507-512. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, M.L. Morrison, and H.L. Bombay. 2003. Influence of predator activity on the nest success of willow flycatchers and yellow warblers. Journal of Wildlife Management 67:600-610. Download  | 
  • Cain, J.W., III, P.R. Krausman, J.R. Morgart, and J.J. Hervert. 2002. Use of GPS/Satellite telemetry systems in mountain sheep research. Desert Bighorn Council Transactions 46:10-17.
  • Queheillalt, D.M., J.W. Cain, III, D.E. Taylor, M.L. Morrison, S.L. Hoover, N. Tuatoo-Bartley, L. Rugge, K. Christopherson, M.D. Hulst, M.R. Harris, and H.L. Keough. 2002. The exclusion of rare species from community level analyses. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:756-759. Download  | 

Current Staff

Federal Staff: 2

Masters Students: 14

Phd Students: 3

Post Docs: 2

University Staff: 2

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 27

Scientific Publications: 51

Presentations: 154


Contact Us

New Mexico Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Las Cruces, NM 88003-0003 Phone: (575) 646 - 6053 Fax: (575) 646 - 1281 Our University Web Site

Unit Leader

Colleen Caldwell
Colleen fishing the Madison

I received a B.S. in Fisheries Sciences from Texas A&M University, an M.S. in Aquatic Ecology from Texas State University, and a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. I joined the New Mexico Unit in 1994 and in 2006 stepped up to the plate to become Unit Leader.


New Mexico Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. New Mexico Department of Game and Fish
  2. New Mexico State University
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey