Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
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Ted Simons

Research Publications

  • Cove, M.V., B. Gardner, T.R. Simons, R. Kays, and A.F. O'Connell. Free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) on public lands: estimating density, activity, and diet in the Florida Keys. Biological Invasions
  • Felton, S.K., N.J. Hostetter, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2017. Managing American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) Population Growth by Targeting Nesting Season Vital Rates. Waterbirds 40 (SI1): 44-54.
  • Simons, T.R. 2107. The American Oystercatcher Working Group - Fifteen years of collaborative focal species research and management. Waterbirds 40 (SI1): 1-9.
  • Stocking, J.J., T.R. Simons, A.W. Parsons, and A.F. O'Connell. Submitted. Managing Native Predators to Protect Shorebirds: Evidence from a Partial Removal of Raccoons (Procyon lotor) on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Waterbirds 40(SI1): 10-18.
  • Denmon, P., S.A. Heath, F.J. Sanders, T.R. Simons and S.L. Jones. 2017. American Oystercatcher. Waterbirds 40 Special Publication 1: 126 pp.
  • Schulte, S.A. and T.R. Simons. 2016. Hurricane Disturbance Benefits Nesting American Oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus). Waterbirds 39: 327-337.
  • Cove, M.V., T.R. Simons, B. Gardner, A.S. Maurer, and A. F. O’Connell. 2016. Evaluating nest supplementation as a recovery strategy for the endangered rodents of the Florida Keys. Restoration Ecology. doi:10.1111/rec.12418.
  • Borneman, T.E., E.T. Rose, and T.R. Simons. 2016. Off-road vehicles affect nesting behavior and reproductive success of American Oystercatchers. Ibis 158: 261-78.
  • Rose, E.T. and T.R. Simons. 2016. Avian response to fire severity and time since burn in low elevation pine-oak forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 2016. Condor 118: 179-183.

  • Rose, E.T.,T.R. Simons, R. Klein, and A.J. McKerrow. 2016. Normalized burn ratios link fire severity with patterns of avian occurrence. Landscape Ecology 31: doi:10.1007/s10980-015-0334-x
  • Parsons, A.W., T.R. Simons, A.F. O'Connell, K. Pollock, M.K. Stoskopf, and J.J. Stocking. 2015. Camera Traps and Mark-Resight Models: The Value of Ancillary Data for Evaluating Assumptions. Journal of Wildlife Management 79: 1163-1172.
  • Hostetter, N.J. B. Gardner, S.H. Schweitzer, R. Boettcher, A. L. Wilke, L.Addison, W.R. Swilling, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2015. Repeated count surveys help standardize multi-agency estimates of American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) abundance. The Condor 117: 354-363.
  • Miller, D.A.W., L.L. Bailey, E.H. Campbell Grant, B.T. McClintock, L.A. Weir, and T.R. Simons. Performance of occupancy estimators when basic assumptions are not met: a test with field data where truth is known. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 557-565.
  • SCHULTE, S.A. and T.R. SIMONS. 2015. Factors affecting the reproductive success of American Oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus) on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Marine Ornithology.
  • R.P. Clay, A.J. Lesterhuis, S. Schulte, S. Brown, D. Reynolds, and T.R. Simons. 2014. A global assessment of the conservation status of the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus). Special Issue, International Wader Study Bulletin 20:62-82.
  • Borneman, T.E., E.T. Rose, and T.R. Simons. 2014. MINIMAL CHANGES IN HEART RATE OF INCUBATING AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHERS (HAEMATOPUS PALLIATUS) IN RESPONSE TO HUMAN ACTIVITY. The Condor 116: 493-503.
  • Keller, R.A, D. B. Buchwalter, L. Xie, K. E. Franzreb, and T. R. Simons. 2014. Mercury bioaccumulation in southern Appalachian avifauna. Ecotoxicology 23: 304-316.
  • Simons, T.R., D.S. Lee, and J.C. Haney. 2013. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel. Marine Ornithology 41(Special Issue): 1-43. Abstract | 
  • Becker, S., C. Moorman, C. DePerno, and T. Simons. 2013. Quantifiable long-term monitoring on parks and nature reserves. Southeastern Naturalist 12: 1-13.
  • R. Sollman, B. Gardner. A.W. Parsons, J.J. Stocking, B.T. McClintock, T.R. Simons, K.H. Pollock, and A.F. O'Connell. 2013. A spatial mark-resight model augmented with telemetry data. Ecology 94: 553-559.
  • Parsons, A.W., T.R. Simons, A.F. O'Connell, and M.K. Stoskopf. 2013. Demographics, diet, movements, and survival of an isolated, unmanaged raccoon Procyon lotor (Procyonidea, Carnivora) population on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Mammalia 77:21-30.
  • Miller, D.A.W., L.A. Weir, B.T. McClintock, E.H. Grant, L.L. Bailey, and T.R. Simons. 2012. Experimental investigation of false positive errors in auditory species occurrence surveys. Ecological Applications 22: (preprint).
  • Simmerman, S., J. Wang, J. Osborne, K. Shook, J. Huang, W. Godsoe and T. Simons. 2012. Exploring Similarities Among Many Species Distributions. Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment 12: (preprint).
  • Simons, T.R., E. Nol, and R. Boettcher (eds.), American Oystercatcher Working Group. 2012. American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/082 doi:10.2173/bna.82.
  • Stringer, E.M., M.K. Stoskopf, T.R. Simons, A.F. O’Connell, and A. Waldstein. 2010. Ultrasonic Measurement of Body Fat as a Means of Assessing Body Condition in Free-Ranging Raccoons (Procyon lotor). International Journal of Zoology 2010: 1-6.
  • McClintock, B.T., L.L. Bailey, K.H. Pollock and T.R. Simons. 2010. Experimental Investigation of Observation Error in Anuran Call Surves. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(8): 1882-1893.
  • Riddle, J.D., J.H. Pollock, and T.R Simons. 2010. An unreconciled double-observer method for estimating detection probability and abundance. The Auk 127(4):841-849.
  • McClintock, B.T., L.L. Bailey, K.H. Pollock and T.R. Simons. 2010. Unmodeled observation error induces bias when inferring patterns and dynamics of species occurrence via aural detections. Ecology 91(8): 2446-2454.
  • Riddle, J.D., R.S. Mordecai, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2010. Effects of prior detections on estimates of detection probability, abundance, and occupancy. The Auk 127: 1-6.
  • Martin, Julien, A.F. O’Connell Jr., W. L. Kendall, M.C. Runge , T.R. Simons, A.H. Waldstein, S.A. Schulte, S.J. Converse, G.W. Smith, T. Pinion, M. Rikard, E.F. Zipkin. 2010. Optimal control of native predators. Biological Conservation 143: 1751-1758.
  • Stanislav, S., Pollock, K.H., Simons, T. R. and M.W. Alldredge. 2010. Separation of Availability and Perception Processes for Aural Detection in Avian Point Counts: a Combined Multiple Observer and Time-Of-Detection Approach. Avian Ecology and Conservation 5(1): 3. [online] URL: http://www.ace-eco.org/vol5/iss1/art3/ .
  • Sanders, N.J., R.R. Dunn, M.C. Fitzpatrick, C.E. Carlton, M.R. Pogue, C.R. Parker, and T.R. Simons. 2010. Diverse Elevational Diversity Gradients in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.A. Pp. 75 – 87 in E.M Spehn and C. Korner, Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Simons, T. R., K. H. Pollock, J. M. Wettroth, M. W. Alldredge, K. Pacifici, and J. Brewster. 2009. Sources of measurement error, misclassification error, and bias in auditory avian point count data. Pp. 237-254 in D.L. Thomson et al. (eds.), Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations, Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3, Springer Science and Business Media.
  • Brewster, J.P. and T.R. Simons. 2009. Testing the importance of auditory detections in avian point counts. Journal of Field Ornithology 80: 178-182.
  • Alldredge, M. W., Pacifici, K., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2008. A field evaluation of the effectiveness of distance sampling and double independent observers to estimate detection probability in aural avian point counts. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1349-1356.
  • Pacifici, K., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2008. Effects of vegetation and background noise on the detection process in auditory avian point count surveys. The Auk 125:600-607.
  • Webster, R. A., Pollock, K. H., and Simons, T. R. 2008. Bayesian spatial modeling of point transect data from bird surveys. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics 13: 121-139.
  • Alldredge, M. W. T. R. Simons, K. H. Pollock, and K. Pacifici. 2007. A Field Evaluation of the time-of-detection method to estimate population size for Aural Avian Point Counts. Avian Ecology and Conservation 2(2):13.
  • Podolsky, A. L., T. R. Simons, and J. A. Collazo. 2007. Modeling population growth of the Ovenbird in the southern Appalachians. The Auk 124: 1359-1372.
  • Alldredge, M. W., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. An experimental evaluation of distance measurement error in avian point count surveys. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 2759-2766.
  • Simons, T. R., M. W. Alldredge, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. Experimental analysis of the auditory detection process on avian point counts. The Auk 124(3): 986-999
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, T. R. Simons, J. A. Collazo, and S. A. Shriner. 2007. Time of detection method for estimating abundance from point count surveys. The Auk 124(2): 653-664.
  • Alldredge, M. W., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. Factors affecting aural detections of songbirds. Ecological Applications 17:948-955.
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, T. R. Simons, and S. A. Shriner. 2007. Multiple species analysis of point count data: a more parsimonious modeling framework. Journal of Applied Ecology. 44: 281-290.
  • McGowan, C. P., and T. R. Simons. 2006. Effects of human disturbance on the incubation behavior of American Oystercatchers. Wilson Bulletin 118: 485-493.
  • Simons, T. R., S. A. Shriner, and G. L. Farnsworth. 2006. Comparison of breeding bird and vegetation communities in primary and secondary forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Biological Conservation 129: 302-311.
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, and T. R. Simons. 2006. Estimating detection probabilities from multiple-observer point counts. The Auk 123: 1172-1182.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2005. Relationship between Mayfield nest-survival estimates and seasonal fecundity: A cautionary reply. The Auk 122(3):1000-1001.
  • Hyde, E. J., and T. R. Simons. 2005. Monitoring Salamander Populations in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Chapter 44 In: Status and Conservation of US Amphibians (M. J. Lannoo ed. ). University of Iowa Press.
  • McGowan, C. P., T. R. Simons, W. Golder, and J. Cordes. 2005 A comparison of American Oystercatcher reproductive success on barrier beach and river island habitats in coastal North Carolina. Waterbirds 28(2): 150-155.
  • Pollock, K. H., H. H. Marsh, L. L. Bailey, G. L. Farnsworth, T. R. Simons, and M. W. Alldredge. 2004. Methodology for separating components of detection probability in population abundance estimation: An overview with diverse examples. In: Sampling rare or elusive species: Concepts, designs, and techniques for estimating population parameters. William Thompson (ed. ). Island Press.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., J. D. Nichols, J. R. Sauer, S. T. Fancy, K. H. Pollock, S. A. Shriner, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Statistical approaches to the analysis of point count data: a little extra information can go a long way. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191: 736-743.
  • McGowan, C. P., S. A. Schulte, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Resightings of marked American Oystercatchers banded as chicks. Wilson Bulletin 117: 382-385.
  • Moore, F. R., M. S. Woodrey, J. J. Buler, S. Woltmann, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Understanding the stopover of migratory birds: a scale dependent approach. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191: 684-689.
  • McGowan, C. P., and T. R. Simons. 2005. A method for trapping breeding adult American Oystercatchers. Journal of Field Ornithology 76(1):46-49.
  • Simons, T. R., F. R. Moore, and S. A. Gauthreaux. 2004. Mist netting trans-Gulf migrants at coastal stopover sites: the influence of spatial and temporal variability on capture data. In: The use of mist nets to monitor bird populations, (C. J. Ralph et al. eds. ). Studies in Avian Biology.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Estimating site occupancy and species detection probability parameters for terrestrial salamanders. Ecological Applications 14: 692-702.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Estimating detectability parameters for plethodon salamanders using the robust capture-recapture design. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 1-13.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Spatial and temporal variation in detection probability of plethodon salamanders using the robust capture-recapture design. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 14-24.
  • Podolsky, A., T. R. Simons, and J. A. Collazo. 2004. A Method of food supplementation for ground-foraging insectivorous birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 75:296-302.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Comparing population size estimators for Plethodon salamanders. Journal of Herpetology 38.
  • Lichstein, J. W., T. R. Simons, S. A Shriner, and K. E. Franzreb. 2002. Spatial autocorrelation and autoregressive models in ecology. Ecological Monographs. 72 (3):445-463
  • Farnsworth, G. L., K. H. Pollock, J. L. Nichols, T. R. Simons, J. E. Hines, and J. R. Sauer. 2002. A removal model for estimating detection probabilities from point count surveys. The Auk 119: 414-425
  • Lichstein, J. W., T. R. Simons, and K. E. Franzreb. 2002. Landscape effects on breeding songbird abundance in managed forests. Ecological Applications. 12(3): 836-857.
  • Pearson, S. M., and T. R. Simons. 2002. Spatial analysis of stopover habitats of Neotropical migratory birds. Chapter 52 In: Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Scale and Accuracy. Island Press.
  • Shriner, S. A., and T. R. Simons. 2002. Modeling habitat associations of breeding birds in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Chapter 47 In: Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Scale and Accuracy. Island Press.
  • Pollock, K. H., J. D. Nichols, T. R. Simons, G. L. Farnsworth, L. L. Bailey, and J. R. Sauer. 2002. The design of large scale wildlife monitoring studies. Envirometrics 13: 1-15.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2001. How many baskets? Clutch sizes that maximize annual fecundity of multiple-brooded birds. The Auk 118: 973-982.
  • Hyde, E. J., and T. R. Simons. 2001. Sampling Plethodontid salamanders: sources of variability. Journal of Wildlife Management 65(4): 624-632.
  • Davis, M. B., T. R. Simons, M. J. Groom, J. L. Weaver, and J. R. Cordes. 2001. The breeding status of American Oystercatcher on the east coast of North America and breeding success in North Carolina. Waterbirds 24(2): 195-202.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., K. C. Weeks, and T. R. Simons. 2000. Validating the assumptions of the Mayfield Method. Journal of Field Ornithology 71:658-664.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2000. Observation of Wood Thrush nest predators in a large contiguous forest. Wilson Bulletin 112: 82-87.
  • Simons, T. R., G. L. Farnsworth, and S. A. Shriner. 2000. Evaluating Great Smoky Mountains National Park as a population source for the Wood Thrush. Conservation Biology 14:1133-1144.
  • Simons, T. R., S. A. Pearson, and F. R. Moore. 2000. Application of spatial models to the stopover ecology of trans-Gulf migrants. Studies in Avian Biology 20: 4-14.
 

Current Staff

Federal Staff: 4

Masters Students: 3

Phd Students: 5

Post Docs: 3

University Staff: 25

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 28

Scientific Publications: 100

Presentations: 168

 

Contact Us

North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Raleigh, NC 27695-7617 Phone: (919) 515 - 2631 Fax: (919) 515 - 4454 Our University Web Site

Unit Leader

Thomas Kwak
Tom Kwak, Unit Leader, Professor<br />NC Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit

B.S., 1981, Ecology, Ethology, and Evolution, University of Illinois
M.S., 1983, Biology, University of Illinois
Ph.D., 1993, Fisheries, University of Minnesota

North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. North Carolina State University
  2. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey
  5. Wildlife Management Institute