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Ted Simons

Ted Simons


  • Ph D University of Washington 1983
  • MS University of Washington 1979
  • BS University of Wisconsin 1975


B.S. University of Wisconsin, 1975
M.S. University of Washington, 1979
Ph.D. University of Washington, 1983
Research Biologist National Park Service 1984-1995.
Assistant Unit Leader, NC Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. 1996 - present.

Research Interests

My research strives to improve species conservation and monitoring programs, and the management of protected areas, through a better understanding of wildlife habitat relationships and sampling methods. Central to that research has been the application of ecological principles to the conservation of rare, endangered, or declining species and their habitats. Recent research has been directed toward the conservation of Neotropical migratory landbirds, including studies of the stopover ecology of birds during migration and breeding birds in southern Appalachian forests, and the conservation of marine birds, including the endangered Hawaiian Petrel, Black-capped Petrels in the Dominican Republic, and American Oystercatchers on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Research is focused in three broad areas: (1) understanding the ecological factors that constrain species diversity and abundance, (2) modeling wildlife habitat relationships at the population and landscape level, and (3) improving wildlife population sampling methods.

Teaching Interests

I have taught a graduate course in ornithology at NC State University since 1997. The course covers the biology of birds, including evolution, functional morphology, physiology, ecology and behavior. Field and museum laboratories emphasize particular aspects of morphology, ecology and behavior, as well as taxonomy and identification.

Professional Society Service

  • The Waterbird Society - Elected Member of Executive Council (January 2013 - January 2016)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science - Member (January 1985 - January 2005)
  • Society for Conservation Biology - Member (January 1985 - January 2002)

Research Publications

  • Felton, S.K., K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2018. Response of beach-nesting American Oystercatchers to off-road vehicles: an experimental approach reveals physiological nuances and decreased nest attendance.
    Condor 120: 47-62.
  • Cove, M.V., B. Gardner, T.R. Simons, R. Kays, and A.F. O’Connell. 2017. Free Ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) on public lands: estimating density, activity, and diet in the Florida Keys. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-017-1534-x.
  • Denmon, P., S.A. Heath, F.J. Sanders, T.R. Simons and S.L. Jones. 2017. American Oystercatcher. Waterbirds 40 Special Publication 1: 126 pp.
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Completed Projects


  • Ornithology (2016)
  • Ornithology (2014)
  • Ornithology (2012)
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North Carolina Other Professional Positions and Memberships

  • Ted SimonsMember, North Carolina Non-game Advisory Commission (June 1998 - June 2016)
  • Ted SimonsMember, Conservation Science Panel - Sustainable Ecosystems Institute (March 2001 - January 2000)

North Carolina University Committees and Workgroups

  • Ted SimonsFaculty Search Committee, Fisheries and Wildlife Program (January 2010 - May 2010)

Technical Publications

  • Simons, T.R. and J.J. Stocking. 2011. American Oystercatcher Conservation Initiative – North Carolina. 2011 Annual Report to the National Park Service. 26 pp.
  • Simons, T.R. and T. Borneman. 2011. Effects of Military Jet Overflights on American Oystercatcher Breeding Behavior and Productivity at Cape Lookout National Seashore. 2011 Annual Report to the U.S. Marine Corps. 44 pp.
  • Simons, T.R. and R. Hylton. 2010. Effects of Atmospheric Pollution on High Elevation Fauna in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 2009 Annual Report to the National Park Service and the U.S. Geological Survey. 49 pp.
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Current Staff

Federal Staff: 4

Masters Students: 2

Phd Students: 5

Post Docs: 3

University Staff: 25

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 19

Scientific Publications: 83

Presentations: 132


Contact Information

Tel: (919) 515 - 2689 Personal Web Site:

Links of Interest

Current Students

North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. North Carolina State University
  2. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey
  5. Wildlife Management Institute