Cooperative Research Units
Education, Research And Technical Assistance For Managing Our Natural Resources
Home | Intranet | Digital Measures | Help

North Carolina Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Engman, A.C., J.R. Fischer, T.J. Kwak, and M.J. Walter. 2017. Diurnal feeding behavior of the American Eel Anguilla rostrata. Food Webs 13: 27-29.
  • Buczek, S.B., W.G. Cope, R.A. McLaughlin, and T.J. Kwak. 2017. Acute toxicity of polyacrylamide flocculants to early life stages of freshwater mussels. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 36: 2715-2721.
  • Cove, M.V., B. Gardner, T.R. Simons, R. Kays, and A.F. O'Connell. Free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) on public lands: estimating density, activity, and diet in the Florida Keys. Biological Invasions
  • Bjorndal, K. A., A. B. Bolten, M. Chaloupka, V. S. Saba, C. Bellini, M. A. G. Marcovaldi, A. J. B. Santos, L. F. Wurdig Bortolon, A. B. Meylan, P. A. Meylan, J. Gray, R. Hardy, B. Brost, M. Bresette, J. Gorham, S. Connett, B. Crouchley, M. Dawson, D. Hayes, C. E. Diez, R. P. van Dam, S. Willis, M. Nava, K. M. Hart, M. S. Cherkiss, A. G. Crowder, C. Pollock, Z. Hillis-Starr, F. A. Muñoz Teneria, R. Herrera Pavon, V. Martagón Labrada, A. Lorences, A. C. Negrete Philippe, M. M. Lamont, A. M. Foley, R. Bailey, R. R. Carthy, R. Scarpino, E. McMichael, J. A. Provancha, A. Brooks, A. Jardim, M. López-Mendilaharsu, D. González-Paredes, A. Estrades, A. Fallabrino, G. Martínez-Souza, G. M.Vélez-Rubio, R. H. Boulon, Jr., J. A. Collazo, R. Wershoven, V. Guzman-Hernandez, T. B. Stringell, A. Sanghera, P. B. Richardson, A. C. Broderick, Q. Phillips, M. Calosso, J. A. B. Claydon, T. L. Metz, A. L. Gordon, A. Landry, D. J. Shaver, J. Blumenthal, L. Collyer, B. J. Godley, A. McGowan, M. J. Witt, C. L. Campbell, C. J. Lagueux, T. Bethel, and L. Kenyon. 2017. Ecological regime shift drives declining growth rates of sea turtles throughout the West Atlantic. Global Change Biology 2017:1-13.
  • Myers, B.E., Lynch, A.J., Bunnell, D.B., Chu, C., Falke, J.A., Kovach, R.P., Krabbenhoft, T.J., Kwak, T.J., and C.P. Paukert. 2017. Global synthesis of the projected and documented effects of climate change on inland fishes. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 27:339–361.DOI 10.1007/s11160-017-9476-z
  • Lee Pow, C.S.D., K. Tilahun, K. Creech, J.M. Law, W.G. Cope, T.J. Kwak, J.A. Rice, D.D. Aday, and S.W. Kullman. 2017. Windows of susceptibility and consequences of early life exposures to 17β–estradiol on medaka (Oryzias latipes) reproductive success. Environmental Science and Technology 51: 5296-5305.
  • Ivasauskas, T.J., W.N. Xiong, A.C. Engman, J.R. Fischer, T.J. Kwak, and K.R. Rundle. 2017. Relationships among catch, angler satisfaction, and fish assemblage characteristics of an urban small impoundment fishery. Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 4: 31-38.
  • Monroe, K. E., J. A. Collazo, K. Pacifici, B. J. Reich, A. R. Puente-Rolón, and A. J. Terando. 2017. Occupancy and index of abundance of Eleutherodactylus wightmanae and E. brittoni along elevational gradients in west-central Puerto Rico. Caribbean Naturalist 40:1-18.
  • Prado, S. G., H. T. Ngo, J. A. Florez, and J. A. Collazo. 2017. Sampling bees in tropical forests and agroecosystems: A review. J. of Insect Conservation DOI 10.1007/s10841-017-0018-8
  • Pandolfo, T.J., T.J. Kwak, W.G. Cope, R.J. Heise, R.B. Nichols, and K. Pacifici. 2017. Declining occurrence and low colonization probability in freshwater mussel assemblages: a dynamic occurrence modeling approach. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation 20: 13-19.
  • Lee Pow, C., J.M. Law, T.J. Kwak, W.G. Cope, J.A. Rice, S.W. Kullman, D.D. Aday. 2017. Endocrine active contaminants in aquatic systems and intersex in common sport fishes. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 36: 959-968.
  • Felton, S.K., N.J. Hostetter, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2017. Managing American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) Population Growth by Targeting Nesting Season Vital Rates. Waterbirds 40 (SI1): 44-54.
  • Simons, T.R. 2107. The American Oystercatcher Working Group - Fifteen years of collaborative focal species research and management. Waterbirds 40 (SI1): 1-9.
  • Stocking, J.J., T.R. Simons, A.W. Parsons, and A.F. O'Connell. Submitted. Managing Native Predators to Protect Shorebirds: Evidence from a Partial Removal of Raccoons (Procyon lotor) on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Waterbirds 40(SI1): 10-18.
  • Denmon, P., S.A. Heath, F.J. Sanders, T.R. Simons and S.L. Jones. 2017. American Oystercatcher. Waterbirds 40 Special Publication 1: 126 pp.
  • Terando, A.J., B. Reich, K. Pacifici, J. Costanza, A. McKerrow, and J. Collazo. 2017. Uncertainty quantification and propagation for projections of extremes in monthly area burned under climate change: A case study in the coastal plain of Georgia, USA. Natural Hazard Uncertainty Assessment: Modeling and Decision Support, Geophysical Monograph 223, First Edition. Edited by Karin Riley, Peter Webley, and Matthew Thompson. © 2017 American Geophysical Union. Published 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Pacifici, K., B. J. Reich, D. A.W. Miller, B. Gardner, G. Stauffer, S. Singh, A. McKerrow, and J. A. Collazo. 2017. INTEGRATING MULTIPLE DATA SOURCES IN SPECIES DISTRIBUTION MODELING: A FRAMEWORK FOR DATA FUSION. Ecology 98:840-850.
  • Pickens, B. A., J. F. Marcus, J. P. Carpenter, S. Anderson, P. J. Taillie, and J. A. Collazo. 2017. The Effect of Urban Growth on Landscape Restoration of a Fire-dependent Bird. J. Environ. Management 191:105:115.
  • Pickens, B. P., R. S. Mordecai, C. A. Drew, L. B. Alexander-Vaughn, A. S. Keister, H. L.C. Morris, J. A. Collazo. 2017. Indicator-driven Conservation Planning across Terrestrial, Freshwater Aquatic, and Marine Ecosystems of the South Atlantic, USA. J. Fish and Wildlife Management 8:219-233.
  • Schulte, S.A. and T.R. Simons. 2016. Hurricane Disturbance Benefits Nesting American Oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus). Waterbirds 39: 327-337.
  • Parks, M. A., J. A. Collazo, and K. R. Ramos Álvarez. 2016. Factors affecting Wetland Connectivity for Wintering Semipalmated Sandpipers (Calidris pusilla) in the Caribbean. Waterbirds 39:250:259.
  • Pandolfo, T.J., T.J. Kwak, and W.G. Cope. 2016. Microhabitat suitability and niche breadth of common and imperiled Atlantic Slope freshwater mussels. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation 19: 27-50.
  • Cove, M.V., T.R. Simons, B. Gardner, A.S. Maurer, and A. F. O’Connell. 2016. Evaluating nest supplementation as a recovery strategy for the endangered rodents of the Florida Keys. Restoration Ecology. doi:10.1111/rec.12418.
  • Pandolfo, T.J., T.J. Kwak, W.G. Cope, R.J. Heise, R.B. Nichols, and K. Pacifici. 2016. Species traits and catchment-scale habitat factors influence the occurrence of freshwater mussel populations and assemblages. Freshwater Biology 61: 1671-1684.
  • Matechou, E., G. Nicholls, B. J. T. Morgan, J. A. Collazo, and James E. Lyons. 2016. Bayesian analysis of Jolly-Seber type models: Incorporating heterogeneity in arrival and departure. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 23:531-547.
  • C. Ashton Drew, Rickie White, Bradley Pickens and Jaime Collazo. 2016. Assessment of South Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative Terrestrial Indicators. Final Report to USFWS-SALCC.

  • Tarr, N.M., M. J. Rubino, J. K. Costanza, A. J. McKerrow, J. A. Collazo4, R. C. Abt. 2016. Potential Gains and Losses in Avian and Amphibian Habitat from Bioenergy Production. Global Change Biology GCB Bioenergy (2016): 1-5. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12383.
  • Costanza, J. K., R. C. Abt, N. M. Tarr, A. J. McKerrow, and J. A. Collazo. 2016. Bioenergy production and forest landscape change in the southeastern U.S. Global Change Biology. GCB Bioenergy (2016): 1- 16. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12386
  • Lynch, A. J., and 10 coauthors. 2016. Climate change effects on North American inland fish populations, assemblages, and aquatic communities. Fisheries 346-361.
  • Borneman, T.E., E.T. Rose, and T.R. Simons. 2016. Off-road vehicles affect nesting behavior and reproductive success of American Oystercatchers. Ibis 158: 261-78.
  • Rose, E.T. and T.R. Simons. 2016. Avian response to fire severity and time since burn in low elevation pine-oak forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 2016. Condor 118: 179-183.

  • Costanza, J., S. Beck, M. Pyne, A. Terando, M. Rubino, R. White, and J. Collazo. 2016. Assessing climate-sensitive ecosystems in southeastern U.S. Open-file Report 1073, Southeast Climate Science Center, Raleigh, NC.
  • Kwak, T.J., A.C. Engman, J.R. Fischer, and C.G. Lilyestrom. 2016. Drivers of Caribbean freshwater ecosystems and fisheries. Pages 219-232 in W.W. Taylor, D.M. Bartley, C.I. Goddard, N.J. Leonard, and R. Welcomme, editors. Freshwater, fish and the future: proceedings of the global cross-sectoral conference. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome; Michigan State University, East Lansing; and American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Parks, M. A, J. A. Collazo, J. A. Colón, K. R. Ramos Álvarez, and O. Díaz. Numbers and Species Composition of Resident and Migratory Shorebirds at the Cabo Rojo Salt Flats, Puerto Rico (1985-2014). Waterbirds 39:209-214.
  • Rose, E.T.,T.R. Simons, R. Klein, and A.J. McKerrow. 2016. Normalized burn ratios link fire severity with patterns of avian occurrence. Landscape Ecology 31: doi:10.1007/s10980-015-0334-x
  • Irizarry, J. I, J. A. Collazo, and S. J. Dinsmore. 2016. Occupancy dynamics in human modified landscapes in a tropical island: implications for conservation design. Diversity and Distributions 2016:1-12. doi:10.1038/srep29350
  • Favrot, S.D. and T.J. Kwak. 2016. Efficiency of two-way weirs and prepositioned electrofishing for sampling potamodromous fish migrations. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36: 167-182.
  • Lyons, J. E., J. A. Collazo, and G. Herring. 2015. Testing Assumptions for Conservation of Migratory Shorebirds and Coastal Managed Wetlands. Wetlands Ecology and Management 23:1-16.
  • TAVERNIA, B. G., J. E. LYONS, B. LOGES, A. WILSON, J. A. COLLAZO, AND M. C. RUNGE. 2015. An Evaluation of Rapid Methods for Monitoring Vegetation Characteristics of Wetland Bird Habitat. Wetlands Ecol. and Management 23:1-13.
  • Henareh Khalyani, W. A. Gould, E. Harmsen, M. Quinones, and Jaime A. Collazo. 2015. Climate change implications for tropical islands: Interpolating and 1 interpreting statistically downscaled GCM projections for 2 management and planning. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.
  • Smith, W.E. and T.J. Kwak. 2015. Tropical insular fish assemblages are resilient to flood disturbance. Ecosphere 6: article 279. (16 journal pages + supplemental material.) http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES15-00224.1
  • Van Beusekom, A. E., W. A. Gould, A. J. Terando, J. A. Collazo. 2015. . CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER RESOURCES IN A
    TROPICAL ISLAND SYSTEM: PROPAGATION OF UNCERTAINTY FROM STATISTICALLY DOWNSCALED CLIMATE MODELS TO HYDROLOGIC MODELS. International Journal of Climatology 2015:1-36.
  • Drew, C.A., T.J. Kwak, W.G. Cope, and T. Augspurger. 2015. Hierarchical landscape models for endemic unionid mussels: building strategic habitat conservation tools for mussel recovery in the South Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative. Final Report Submitted to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, South Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Parsons, A.W., T.R. Simons, A.F. O'Connell, K. Pollock, M.K. Stoskopf, and J.J. Stocking. 2015. Camera Traps and Mark-Resight Models: The Value of Ancillary Data for Evaluating Assumptions. Journal of Wildlife Management 79: 1163-1172.
  • Hostetter, N.J. B. Gardner, S.H. Schweitzer, R. Boettcher, A. L. Wilke, L.Addison, W.R. Swilling, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2015. Repeated count surveys help standardize multi-agency estimates of American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) abundance. The Condor 117: 354-363.
  • Miller, D.A.W., L.L. Bailey, E.H. Campbell Grant, B.T. McClintock, L.A. Weir, and T.R. Simons. Performance of occupancy estimators when basic assumptions are not met: a test with field data where truth is known. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 557-565.
  • Costanza, J. K, R. C. Abt, A. J. McKerrow and J. A. Collazo. Linking state-and-transition simulation and timber supply models for forest biomass production scenarios. AIMS Environmental Science.
  • Drew, C. A., J. Stocking, and J. A. Collazo. Strategic Decision Planning for Endangered Species Recovery in Puerto Rico. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service Technical Bulletin.
  • Fisk, J.M. II, T.J. Kwak, and R.J. Heise. 2015. Effects of regulated river flows on habitat suitability for the robust redhorse. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144: 792-806.
  • Williams, S.G., D. T. Cobb, and J. A. Collazo. ELK HABITAT SUITABILITY Map for North Carolina. Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies.
  • Sackett, D.K., C. Lee Pow, M.J. Rubino, D.D. Aday, W.G. Cope, S. Kullman, J.A. Rice, T.J. Kwak, and M. Law. 2015. Sources of endocrine-disrupting compounds in North Carolina waterways: a geographic information systems approach. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 34: 437-445.
  • Costanza, J. K., A. J. Terando, A. J. McKerrow, and J. A. Collazo. 2014. Climate change, urbanization, and management of a fire-dependent ecosystem. J. of Environmental Management.

  • DeRolph, C.R., S.A.C. Nelson, T.J. Kwak, and E.F. Hain. 2015. Predicting fine-scale distributions of peripheral aquatic species in headwater streams. Ecology and Evolution 5: 152-163.
  • SCHULTE, S.A. and T.R. SIMONS. 2015. Factors affecting the reproductive success of American Oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus) on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Marine Ornithology.
  • Weaver, D.M., T.J. Kwak, and K.H. Pollock. 2014. Sampling characteristics and calibration of snorkel counts to estimate stream fish populations. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:1159-1166.
  • Drew, C. A. and J. A. Collazo. 2014. Bayesian networks as a framework to step-down and support Strategic Habitat Conservation of data-poor species: A case study with King Rail (Rallus elegans) in Eastern North Carolina and Southeastern Virginia. NCARS Technical Bulletin.
  • Alexander-Vaughn, L. B., J. A. Collazo, and
    C. A. Drew. 2014. Strategic Conservation Planning for the Eastern North Carolina/Southeastern Virginia Strategic Habitat Conservation Team. NCARS Technical Bulletin 337, North Carolina State University.
  • R.P. Clay, A.J. Lesterhuis, S. Schulte, S. Brown, D. Reynolds, and T.R. Simons. 2014. A global assessment of the conservation status of the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus). Special Issue, International Wader Study Bulletin 20:62-82.
  • Borneman, T.E., E.T. Rose, and T.R. Simons. 2014. MINIMAL CHANGES IN HEART RATE OF INCUBATING AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHERS (HAEMATOPUS PALLIATUS) IN RESPONSE TO HUMAN ACTIVITY. The Condor 116: 493-503.
  • Terando, A, J. Costanza, C. Belyea, R. R Dunn, A. McKerrow, and J. A. Collazo. 2014. The Southern Megalopolis: Using the past to predict the future of urban sprawl in the Southeast U.S. PLoS ONE.
  • White, Thomas H., Jr., Jaime A. Collazo, Stephen J. Dinsmore, and Ivan Llerandi-Roman. 2014. Niche restriction and conservatism in a neotropical psittacine: the case of the Puerto Rican parrot. In Habitat Loss: Causes, Impacts on Biodiversity and Reduction Strategies. NovaSciencePublishers, Inc., Hauppauge NY.
  • Van Beusekom, A. E., L. E. Hay, R. J. Viger, W. A. Gould, J. A. Collazo, and A. Henareh Khalyani. 2014. Modeling Surface Runoff in Puerto Rico with Dynamic Land Cover.
  • Raabe, J. K., and J. E. Hightower. 2014. American shad migratory behavior, weight loss, survival, and abundance in a North Carolina river following dam removals. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:673-688.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • Hines, J. E., J. D. Nichos, and J. A. Collazo. 2014. In Press. MULTISEASON OCCUPANCY MODELS FOR CORRELATED REPLICATE SURVEYS. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.
  • Archambault, J.M., W.G. Cope, and T.J. Kwak. 2014. Influence of sediment presence on freshwater mussel thermal tolerance. Freshwater Science 33: 56-65.
  • Smith, W.E. and T.J. Kwak. 2014. Otolith microchemistry of tropical diadromous fishes: spatial and migratory dynamics. Journal of Fish Biology 84: 913-928.
  • Smith, W.E. and T.J. Kwak. 2014. A capture-recapture model of amphidromous fish dispersal. Journal of Fish Biology 84: 897-912.
  • Pacifici, K., E. F. Zipkin, J. A. Collazo, J. I. Irizarry, and A. DeWan. 2014. Guidelines for a priori grouping of species in hierarchical community models. Submitted to Ecology and Evolution.
  • Fisk, J.M. II, T.J. Kwak, and R.J. Heise. 2014. Modelling riverine habitat for robust redhorse: assessment for reintroduction of an imperilled species. Fisheries Management and Ecology 21: 57-67.
  • Archambault, J.M., W.G. Cope, and T.J. Kwak. 2014. Survival and behaviour of juvenile unionid mussels exposed to thermal stress and dewatering in the presence of a sediment temperature gradient. Freshwater Biology 59: 601-613.
  • Keller, R.A, D. B. Buchwalter, L. Xie, K. E. Franzreb, and T. R. Simons. 2014. Mercury bioaccumulation in southern Appalachian avifauna. Ecotoxicology 23: 304-316.
  • Rogers, S. L., J. A. Collazo, and C. A. Drew. 2013. Nest occurrence and survival of King Rails in fire-managed coastal marshes in North Carolina and Virginia. J. Field Ornithology 84:355-366/  | Abstract | 
  • WIEWEL, A. N. M., S. J. DINSMORE, AND J. A. COLLAZO. 2013. NEST SURVIVAL AND BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE PUERTO RICAN BULLFINCH (LOXIGILLA PORTORICENSIS) IN SOUTHWESTERN PUERTO RICO. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125 (4). December 2013
  • Rudershausen, P. J., J. A. Buckel, and J. E. Hightower. 2014. Discard mortality of a U.S. South Atlantic reef fish estimated from surface and bottom tagging. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:514-520.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • Garner, A.B., T.J. Kwak, K.L. Manuel, and D.H. Barwick. 2014. High-density grass carp stocking effects on a reservoir invasive plant and water quality. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 51: 27-33.
  • Grote, A., Bailey, M., Zydlewski, J., Hightower, J. 2014 Multibeam sonar (DIDSON) assessment of American shad (Alosa sapidissima) approaching a hydroelectric dam. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:545-558.  | Download  | 
  • Flowers, H. J., and J. E. Hightower. 2013. A Novel Approach to Surveying Sturgeon Using Side-scan Sonar and Occupancy Modeling. Coastal and Marine Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 5:211-223.  | Abstract |  Download  |  Publisher Website | 
  • Raabe, J. K., B. Gardner, and J. E. Hightower. 2014. A spatial capture-recapture model to estimate fish survival and migration patterns from linear continuous monitoring arrays. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:120-130.  | Download  | 
  • Weaver, D.M. and T.J. Kwak. 2013. Assessing effects of stocked trout on nongame fish assemblages in southern Appalachian Mountain streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142: 1495-1507.
  • Nelson, T. C., P. Doukakis, S. T. Lindley, A. D. Schreier, J. E. Hightower, L.R. Hildebrand, R.E. Whitlock, M.A.H. Webb. 2013. Research Tools to Investigate Movements, Migrations, and Life History of Sturgeons (Acipenseridae), with an Emphasis on Marine-Oriented Populations. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71552. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071552.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • Heise, R.J., W.G. Cope, T.J. Kwak, and C.B. Eads. 2013. Short-term effects of small dam removal on a freshwater mussel assemblage. Walkerana: Journal of the Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society 16: 41-52.
  • Archambault, J.M., W.G. Cope, and T.J. Kwak. 2013. Burrowing, byssus, and biomarkers: behavioral and physiological indicators of sublethal thermal stress in freshwater mussels (Unionidae). Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 46: 229-250.
  • Kwak, T.J. W.G. Cope, J.D. Bales, T.J. Newton, J.A. Daraio, T.J. Pandolfo, J.M. Archambault, A.M. Ganser, R.J. Heise, and B.N. Karns. 2013. Modeling the response of imperiled freshwater mussels to anthropogenically induced changes in water temperature, habitat, and flow in streams of the southeastern and central United States. Final Report to U.S. Geological Survey, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center, Reston, Virginia.
  • Simons, T.R., D.S. Lee, and J.C. Haney. 2013. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel. Marine Ornithology 41(Special Issue): 1-43.  | Abstract | 
  • Rogers, S. L., J. A. Collazo, and C. A. Drew. 2013. King Rail Occupancy and Abundance
    in Fire Managed Coastal Marshes in North Carolina and Virginia. Waterbirds 36:179-188.
  • Hightower, J. E., K. J. Magowan, L. M. Brown, and D. A. Fox. 2013. Reliability of fish size estimates obtained from multibeam imaging sonar. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 4(1):86-96.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • Becker, S., C. Moorman, C. DePerno, and T. Simons. 2013. Quantifiable long-term monitoring on parks and nature reserves. Southeastern Naturalist 12: 1-13.
  • Hightower, J. E., J. C. Taylor, and D. J. Degan. 2013. Estimating abundance of adult striped bass in reservoirs using mobile hydroacoustics. . Pages 279-290 in J. S. Bulak, C. C. Coutant, and J. A. Rice editors. Biology and management of inland striped bass and striped bass hybrids. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 80, Bethesda, Maryland.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • Hightower, J. E., and K. H. Pollock. 2013. Tagging methods for estimating population size and mortality rates of inland striped bass populations. Pages 249-262 in J. S. Bulak, C. C. Coutant, and J. A. Rice editors. Biology and management of inland striped bass and striped bass hybrids. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 80, Bethesda, Maryland.  | Abstract |  Download  | 
  • R. Sollman, B. Gardner. A.W. Parsons, J.J. Stocking, B.T. McClintock, T.R. Simons, K.H. Pollock, and A.F. O'Connell. 2013. A spatial mark-resight model augmented with telemetry data. Ecology 94: 553-559.
  • Obernuefemann, Kelsey P., J. A. Collazo, and J. E. Lyons. 2013. Local Movements and Wetland Connectivity at a Migratory Stopover of Semipalmated Sandpipers in Southeastern United States. Waterbirds 36:63-76.
  • Collazo, J. A., P. F. Fackler, K. Pacifici, T. H. White, and I. Llerandi-Roman. 2013. Optimal allocation of captive-reared Puerto Rican Parrots: decisions when divergent dynamics characterize managed populations. The Journal of Wildlife Management 77:1124-1134.
  • Fisk, J.M. II, T.J. Kwak, R.J. Heise, and F.W. Sessions. 2013. Redd dewatering effects on hatching and larval survival of the robust redhorse. River Research and Applications 29: 574-581.
  • Cooney, P.B. and T.J. Kwak. 2013. Spatial extent and dynamics of dam impacts on tropical island freshwater fish assemblages. BioScience 63: 176-190.
  • Kwak, T.J., W.E. Smith, E.N. Buttermore, P.B. Cooney, and W.G. Cope. 2013. Fishery population and habitat assessment in Puerto Rico streams: phase 2 final report. Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Project F-50 Final Report, Submitted to Marine Resources Division, Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, San Juan.
  • Matechou, E., B.J.T. Morgan, S. Pledger, J.A. Collazo, and J. E. Lyons. 2013. Integrated Analysis of Capture-Recapture-Resighting Data and Counts of Unmarked Birds at Stop-over Sites. J. Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 18:120-135.
  • Pine, W. E., J. E. Hightower, L. G. Coggins, M. V. Lauretta, and K. H. Pollock. 2012. Design and analysis of tagging studies. Pages 521-572 in A. V. Zale, D. L. Parrish, and T. M. Sutton, editors. Fisheries techniques, 3rd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Friedl, S. E., J. A. Buckel, J. E. Hightower, F. S. Scharf, and K. H. Pollock. 2013. Telemetry-based mortality estimates of juvenile spot in two North Carolina estuarine creeks. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:399-415.  | Download  | 
  • Parsons, A.W., T.R. Simons, A.F. O'Connell, and M.K. Stoskopf. 2013. Demographics, diet, movements, and survival of an isolated, unmanaged raccoon Procyon lotor (Procyonidea, Carnivora) population on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Mammalia 77:21-30.
  • Iglecia, M. N., J. A. Collazo, and A. J. McKerrow. 2012. Use of Occupancy Models to Evaluate Expert Knowledge-based Species-
    Habitat Relationships. Avian Conservation and Ecology 7 (2): 5. (13 pages). http://dx.doi.
    org/10.5751/ACE-00551-070205
  • Schwarzer, A. C., Jaime A. Collazo, Lawrence J. Niles, Janell M. Brush, Nancy J. Douglass, and H. Franklin Percival. 2012. Annual Survival and Plasma Metabolites of Red Knots (Calidris canutus rufa) wintering in Florida. Auk 129:725-733.  | Download  | 
  • Stolen, E.D., J, A. Collazo, and H. Franklin Percival. 2012. Benefits and costs in group foraging wading birds. Condor. Condor 114:744–754
  • Costanza, J. K., J. Hulcr, T. Earnhardt, F. Kochc, A. J. McKerrow, R. R. Dunn, and J. A. Collazo. 2012. Simulating the Effects of the Southern Pine Beetle on Regional Dynamics 60 Years into the Future. Ecological Modelling 244:93-103.
  • Borkhataria, R. R, P. C. Frederick, R. A. Keller, and J. A. Collazo. 2012. Temporal variation in local wetland hydrology influences postdispersal survival of juvenile wood storks (Mycteria Americana). Auk 129:1-12.
  • Miller, D.A.W., L.A. Weir, B.T. McClintock, E.H. Grant, L.L. Bailey, and T.R. Simons. 2012. Experimental investigation of false positive errors in auditory species occurrence surveys. Ecological Applications 22: (preprint).
  • Simmerman, S., J. Wang, J. Osborne, K. Shook, J. Huang, W. Godsoe and T. Simons. 2012. Exploring Similarities Among Many Species Distributions. Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment 12: (preprint).
  • Harris, J. E., and J. E. Hightower. 2012. Demographic population model for American shad: will access to additional habitat upstream of dams increase population sizes? Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Services 4:262-283.  | Download  |  Publisher Website | 
  • Simons, T.R., E. Nol, and R. Boettcher (eds.), American Oystercatcher Working Group. 2012. American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/082 doi:10.2173/bna.82.
  • Hightower J.E., J. E. Harris, J. K. Raabe, P. Brownell, and C. A. Drew. 2012. A Bayesian habitat suitability model for spawning American shad in southeastern United States rivers. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3(2):184-198; e1944-687X. doi: 10.3996/082011-JFWM-047.  | Abstract |  Download  |  Publisher Website | 
  • Borkhataria, R. R., J. A. Collazo, and M. J. Groom. Species abundance and potential biological control services in shade vs. sun coffee in Puerto Rico. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 151:1-5.
  • Veran, S., K. J. Kleiner, R. Choquet, J. A. Collazo, and J. D. Nichols. 2012. Modeling habitat dynamics accounting for possible misclassification. Landscape Ecology 27:943-956.
  • Mosher, S, W.G. Cope, F.X. Weber, D. Shea, and T.J. Kwak. 2012. Effects of lead on Na+,K+-ATPase and hemolymph ion concentrations in the freshwater mussel Elliptio complanata. Environmental Toxicology 27: 268-276.
  • Kwak, T.J. 2012. Fisheries indicators, freshwater. Pages 130-135 in D. Fogel, S. Fredericks, L. Harrington, and I. Spellerberg, editors. Measurements, indicators, and research methods for sustainability. Encyclopedia of sustainability, volume 6. Berkshire Publishing, Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
  • Pandolfo, T.J., T.J. Kwak, and W.G. Cope. 2012. Thermal tolerances of freshwater mussels and their host fishes: species interactions in a changing climate. Walkerana: the Journal of the Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society 15: 69-82.
  • Mosher, S., W.G. Cope, F.X. Weber, T.J. Kwak, and D. Shea. 2012. Assessing accumulation and sublethal effects of lead in a unionid mussel. Walkerana: the Journal of the Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society 15: 60-68.
  • Smith, J. A., and J. E. Hightower. 2012. Effect of low-head lock and dam structures on migration and spawning of American shad and striped bass in the Cape Fear River, North Carolina. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:402-413.  | Abstract |  Publisher Website | 
  • Borkhataria, R., J. A.Collazo, M. J.Groom, A. Jordan-Garcia. 2011. Shade-grown coffee in PuertoRico: Opportunities to preserve biodiversity while reinvigorating a struggling agricultural commodity. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.12.023.
  • Harris, J. E., and J. E. Hightower. 2011. Identification of American shad spawning sites and habitat use in the Pee Dee River, North Carolina and South Carolina. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:1019-1033.
  • Drew, C. A. and J. A. Collazo. 2011. Expert knowledge as a foundation for management of secretive species and their habitat (Chapter 5). Perera A.H., Drew C.A., and Johnson C,J. (eds), Expert Knowledge and its Application in Landscape Ecology. Springer, New York.
  • Wallace, B.C., D.M. Weaver, and T.J. Kwak. 2011. Efficiency of baited hoop nets for sampling catfish in southeastern U.S. small impoundments. Pages 581-588 in P.H. Michaletz and V.H. Travnichek, editors. Conservation, ecology, and management of catfish: the second international symposium. American Fisheries Society Symposium 77, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Kwak, T.J., M.T. Porath, P.H. Michaletz, and V.H. Travnichek. 2011. Catfish science: status and trends in the 21st century. Pages 755-780 in P.H. Michaletz and V.H. Travnichek, editors. Conservation, ecology, and management of catfish: the second international symposium. American Fisheries Society Symposium 77, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Harris, J. E., and J. E. Hightower. 2011. Spawning habitat selection of hickory shad. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31: 495-505.  | Publisher Website | 
  • Harris, J. E., and J. E. Hightower. 2011. Movement patterns of American shad transported upstream of dams on the Roanoke River, North Carolina and Virginia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31: 240-256.  | Publisher Website | 
  • Baumann, J.R. and T.J. Kwak. 2011. Trophic relations of introduced flathead catfish in an Atlantic river. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140: 1120-1134.
  • Quinn, J.W. and T.J. Kwak. 2011. Movement and survival of brown trout and rainbow trout in an Ozark tailwater river. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31: 299-304.
  • Cope, W.G., F.M. Holliman, T.J. Kwak, N.C. Oakley, P.R. Lazaro, D. Shea, T. Augspurger, J.M. Law, J.P. Henne, and K.M. Ware. 2011. Assessing water quality suitability for shortnose sturgeon in the Roanoke River, North Carolina, USA with an in situ bioassay approach. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 27: 1-12.
  • Stringer, E.M., M.K. Stoskopf, T.R. Simons, A.F. O’Connell, and A. Waldstein. 2010. Ultrasonic Measurement of Body Fat as a Means of Assessing Body Condition in Free-Ranging Raccoons (Procyon lotor). International Journal of Zoology 2010: 1-6.
  • McClintock, B.T., L.L. Bailey, K.H. Pollock and T.R. Simons. 2010. Experimental Investigation of Observation Error in Anuran Call Surves. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(8): 1882-1893.
  • Allen, M. S., and J. E. Hightower. 2010. Fish population dynamics: mortality, growth, and recruitment. Pages 43-79 in W. A. Hubert and M. C. Quist, editors. Inland Fisheries Management in North America. American Fisheries Society.
  • Kwak, T.J. and M.C. Freeman. 2010. Assessment and management of ecological integrity. Pages 353-394 in W.A. Hubert and M.C. Quist, editors. Inland fisheries management in North America, third edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Cooney, P.B. and T.J. Kwak. 2010. Development of standard weight equations for Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico amphidromous fishes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30: 1203-1209.
  • Riddle, J.D., J.H. Pollock, and T.R Simons. 2010. An unreconciled double-observer method for estimating detection probability and abundance. The Auk 127(4):841-849.
  • McClintock, B.T., L.L. Bailey, K.H. Pollock and T.R. Simons. 2010. Unmodeled observation error induces bias when inferring patterns and dynamics of species occurrence via aural detections. Ecology 91(8): 2446-2454.
  • Craven, S.W., J.T. Peterson, M.C. Freeman, T.J. Kwak, and E. Irwin. 2010. Modeling the relations between flow regime components, species traits and spawning success of fishes in warmwater streams. Environmental Management. 46(2):181-194
  • Riddle, J.D., R.S. Mordecai, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2010. Effects of prior detections on estimates of detection probability, abundance, and occupancy. The Auk 127: 1-6.
  • Martin, Julien, A.F. O’Connell Jr., W. L. Kendall, M.C. Runge , T.R. Simons, A.H. Waldstein, S.A. Schulte, S.J. Converse, G.W. Smith, T. Pinion, M. Rikard, E.F. Zipkin. 2010. Optimal control of native predators. Biological Conservation 143: 1751-1758.
  • Stanislav, S., Pollock, K.H., Simons, T. R. and M.W. Alldredge. 2010. Separation of Availability and Perception Processes for Aural Detection in Avian Point Counts: a Combined Multiple Observer and Time-Of-Detection Approach. Avian Ecology and Conservation 5(1): 3. [online] URL: http://www.ace-eco.org/vol5/iss1/art3/ .
  • Lombard, C. D., J. A. Collazo, and Douglas B. McNair. 2010. Nest and chick survival and colony dynamics of Least Terns in the US Virgin Islands. Condor 112:56–64.
  • Sanders, N.J., R.R. Dunn, M.C. Fitzpatrick, C.E. Carlton, M.R. Pogue, C.R. Parker, and T.R. Simons. 2010. Diverse Elevational Diversity Gradients in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.A. Pp. 75 – 87 in E.M Spehn and C. Korner, Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Bacheler, N.M., J. E. Hightower, S. M. Burdick, L. M. Paramore, J. A. Buckel, and K. H. Pollock. 2010. Using generalized linear models to estimate selectivity from short-term recoveries of tagged red drum Sciaenops ocellatus: effects of gear, fate, and regulation period. Fisheries Research 102:266–275.
  • Harris, J. E., and J. E. Hightower. 2010. Evaluation of methods for identifying spawning sites and habitat selection for alosines. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:386–399.
  • Collazo, J. A., J. F. Gilliam, and L. Miranda-Castro. 2010. Functional Response Models to Estimate Feeding Rates of Wading Birds. Waterbirds 33: 33-40.
  • Midway, S.R., D.D. Aday, T.J. Kwak, and K. Gross. 2010. Cover preference of the Carolina madtom (Noturus furiosus), an imperiled, endemic southeastern stream fish. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 25: 151-154.
  • Midway, S.R., T.J. Kwak, and D.D. Aday. 2010. Habitat suitability of the Carolina madtom, an imperiled, endemic stream fish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139: 325-338.
  • Hewitt, A.H., T.J. Kwak, W.G. Cope, and K.H. Pollock. 2009. Population density and instream habitat suitability of the endangered Cape Fear shiner. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138: 1439-1457.
  • Neal, J.W., C.G. Lilyestrom, and T.J. Kwak. 2009. Factors influencing tropical island freshwater resources: species, status, and management implications in Puerto Rico. Fisheries 34(11): 546-554.
  • Bacheler, N. M., L. M. Paramore, S. M. Burdick, J. A. Buckel, and J. E. Hightower. 2009. Variation in movement patterns of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) inferred from conventional tagging and ultrasonic telemetry. Fishery Bulletin 107:405–419.  | Publisher Website | 
  • Smith, W. E., F. S. Scharf, and J. E. Hightower. 2009. Fishing mortality in North Carolina’s southern flounder fishery: direct estimates of instantaneous fishing mortality from a tag return experiment. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 1:283-299.
  • Bacheler, N. M., J. A. Buckel, J. E. Hightower, L. M. Paramore, and K. H. Pollock. 2009. A combined telemetry – tag return approach to estimate fishing and natural mortality rates of an estuarine fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66:1230-1244.
  • Stolen, E. D., J. A. Collazo, and H. Franklin Percival. 2009. Vegetation Effects on Fish Distribution in Impounded Salt Marshes. Southeastern Naturalist 8:503-814.
  • Herring, G., and J. A. Collazo. 2009. Site characteristics and prey abundance at foraging sites used by Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) wintering in Florida. Southeastern Naturalist 8:363-374
  • Simons, T. R., K. H. Pollock, J. M. Wettroth, M. W. Alldredge, K. Pacifici, and J. Brewster. 2009. Sources of measurement error, misclassification error, and bias in auditory avian point count data. Pp. 237-254 in D.L. Thomson et al. (eds.), Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations, Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3, Springer Science and Business Media.
  • Brewster, J.P. and T.R. Simons. 2009. Testing the importance of auditory detections in avian point counts. Journal of Field Ornithology 80: 178-182.
  • Berkson, J., K.M. Hunt, J.C. Whitehead, D.J. Murie, T.J. Kwak, and J. Boreman. 2009. Is there a shortage of fisheries stock assessment scientists? Fisheries 34(5): 217-219.
  • Bacheler, N. M., L. M. Paramore, J. A. Buckel, and J. E. Hightower. 2009. Abiotic and biotic factors influence the habitat use of North Carolina subadult red drum Sciaenops ocellatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 377:263-277.
  • Pledger, S., M. Efford, K. Pollock, J. Collazo and J. Lyons. 2009. Stopover duration analysis with departure probability dependent on unknown time since arrival. Pages 349-364 In Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations, D. L. Thompson, E. G. Cooch, and M. J. Conroy (eds). Environmental and Ecological Statistics Series: Volume 3. Springer, NY.
  • Waters, C. T., and J. E. Hightower. 2007. Effect of Water Quality on Hatching Success of Blueback Herring Eggs in the Chowan River Basin, North Carolina. Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 61:23-28.
  • Holliman, F. M., D. Davis, A. E. Bogan, T. J. Kwak, W. G. Cope, and J. F. Levine. 2008. Magnetic resonance imaging of live freshwater mussels (Unionidae). Invertebrate Biology 127: 396-402.
  • Hunt, K.M., J.C. Whitehead, D.J. Murie, and T.J. Kwak. 2008. Supply report: survey of institutions of higher learning to investigate possible shortages in the number of individuals with post-baccalaureate degrees in subjects related to fishery science. Pages 21-39 in U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Department of Education. The shortage in the number of individuals with post-baccalaureate degrees in subjects related to fishery science. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-91.
  • Alldredge, M. W., Pacifici, K., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2008. A field evaluation of the effectiveness of distance sampling and double independent observers to estimate detection probability in aural avian point counts. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1349-1356.
  • Pacifici, K., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2008. Effects of vegetation and background noise on the detection process in auditory avian point count surveys. The Auk 125:600-607.
  • Bacheler, N. M., J. E. Hightower, L. M. Paramore, J. A. Buckel, and K. H. Pollock. 2008. An age-dependent tag return model for estimating mortality and selectivity of an estuarine-dependent fish with high rates of catch and release. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:1422-1432.
  • Webster, R. A., Pollock, K. H., and Simons, T. R. 2008. Bayesian spatial modeling of point transect data from bird surveys. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics 13: 121-139.
  • Tuomikoski, J. E., P. J. Rudershausen, J. A. Buckel, and J. E. Hightower. 2008. Effects of age-1 striped bass predation on juvenile fishes in western Albemarle Sound. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:324?339.
  • Lyons, J. E., J. A. Collazo and C. G. Guglielmo. 2008. Plasma metabolites and migration physiology of Semipalmated Sandpipers: refueling performance at five latitudes. Oecologia 155:417-427.
  • Podolsky, A. L., T. R. Simons, and J. A. Collazo. 2007. Modeling population growth of the Ovenbird in the southern Appalachians. The Auk 124: 1359-1372.
  • Rice, S. M., J. A. Collazo, B. A. Harrington and A. R. Lewis. 2007. Local Annual Survival and Seasonal Residency Rates of Semipalmated and Western Sandpipers in Puerto Rico. Auk 124:1397-1406.
  • Holliman, F. M., T. J. Kwak, W. G. Cope, and J. F. Levine. 2007. Exposure of unionid mussels to electric current: assessing risks associated with electrofishing. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 1593-1606.
  • Alldredge, M. W. T. R. Simons, K. H. Pollock, and K. Pacifici. 2007. A Field Evaluation of the time-of-detection method to estimate population size for Aural Avian Point Counts. Avian Ecology and Conservation 2(2):13.
  • Stolen, E. D., J. A. Collazo, and H. F. Percival. 2007. Scale-dependent habitat selection of nesting Great Egrets and Snowy Egrets. Waterbirds 30:384-393.
  • Hayes, D. B., J. R. Bence, T. J. Kwak, and B. E. Thompson. 2007. Abundance, biomass, and production estimation. Pages 327-374 in C. S. Guy and M. L. Brown, editors. Analysis and interpretation of freshwater fisheries data. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Kwak, T. J., and J. T. Peterson. 2007. Community indices, parameters, and comparisons. Pages in 677-763 in C. S. Guy and M. L. Brown, editors. Analysis and interpretation of freshwater fisheries data. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Adams, P. B., C. Grimes, J. E. Hightower, S. T. Lindley, M. L. Moser, and M. J. Parsley. 2007. Population status of North American green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris. Environmental Biology of Fishes 79:339-356.
  • Alldredge, M. W., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. An experimental evaluation of distance measurement error in avian point count surveys. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 2759-2766.
  • Jiang, H., C. Brownie, J. E. Hightower, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. Estimating fishing mortality, natural mortality, and selectivity using recoveries from tagging young fish. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:773-781.
  • Simons, T. R., M. W. Alldredge, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. Experimental analysis of the auditory detection process on avian point counts. The Auk 124(3): 986-999
  • Erickson, D. L., and J. E. Hightower. 2007. Oceanic distribution and behavior of green sturgeon. Pages 197-211 in J. Munro, D. Hatin, J. E. Hightower, K. McKown, K. J. Sulak, A. W. Kahnle, and F. Caron, editors. Anadromous sturgeons: habitats, threats, and management. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 56, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • J. Munro, D. Hatin, J. E. Hightower, K. McKown, K. J. Sulak, A. W. Kahnle, and F. Caron, editors. 2007. Anadromous sturgeons: habitats, threats, and management. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 56, Bethesda, Maryland
  • Laney, R. W., J. E. Hightower, B. R. Versak, M. F. Mangold, W. W. Cole, Jr., and S. E. Winslow. 2007. Distribution, habitat use, and size f Atlantic sturgeon captured during cooperative winter tagging cruises. Pages 167-182 in J. Munro, D. Hatin, J. E. Hightower, K. McKown, K. J. Sulak, A. W. Kahnle, and F. Caron, editors. Anadromous sturgeons: habitats, threats, and management. American Fisheries Society Symposium 56, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Oakley, N. C., and J. E. Hightower. 2007. Status of shortnose sturgeon in the Neuse River, North Carolina. Pages 273-284 in J. Munro D. Hatin, J. E. Hightower, K. McKown, K. J. Sulak, A. W. Kahnle, and F. Caron, editors. Anadromous sturgeons: habitats, threats, and management. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 56, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Thompson, J. S., D. S. Waters, J. A. Rice, and J. E. Hightower. 2007. Seasonal fishing and natural mortality of striped bass in a southeastern reservoir. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:681?694.
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, T. R. Simons, J. A. Collazo, and S. A. Shriner. 2007. Time of detection method for estimating abundance from point count surveys. The Auk 124(2): 653-664.
  • Alldredge, M. W., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2007. Factors affecting aural detections of songbirds. Ecological Applications 17:948-955.
  • Aukema, J. E, T. A. Carlo, and J. A. Collazo. 2007. Landscape assessment of tree communities in the northern karst region of Puerto Rico. Plant Ecology 189:101-115.
  • Herring, G., and J. A. Collazo. 2007. Lesser Scaup Winter Foraging and Nutrient Reserve acquisition in East-Central Florida. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:1682-1689.
  • Jiang, H., K. H. Pollock, C. Brownie, J. E. Hightower, J. M. Hoenig, and W. S. Hearn. 2007. Age Dependent Tag Return Models for Estimating Fishing Mortality, Natural Mortality and Selectivity. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics12:177-194.
  • Jiang, H., K. H. Pollock, C. Brownie, J. M. Hoenig, R. J. Latour, B. K. Wells, and J. E. Hightower. 2007. Tag Return Models allowing for Harvest and Catch-And-Release: Evidence of Environmental and Management Impacts on Striped Bass Fishing and Natural Mortality Rates. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:387-396.
  • Gustafson, L., W. Showers, T. Kwak, J. Levine, and M. Stoskopf. 2007. Temporal and spatial variability in stable isotope compositions of a freshwater mussel: implications for biomonitoring and ecological studies. Oecologia 152: 140-150.
  • Pine, W. E, III, T. J. Kwak, and J. A. Rice. 2007. Modeling management scenarios and the effects of an introduced apex predator on a coastal riverine fish community. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 105-120.
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, T. R. Simons, and S. A. Shriner. 2007. Multiple species analysis of point count data: a more parsimonious modeling framework. Journal of Applied Ecology. 44: 281-290.
  • White, T. H., G. G. Brown, and J. A. Collazo. 2006. Artificial cavities and nest-site selection by Puerto Rican Parrots: a multiscale assessment. Avian Conservation and Ecology 1 (3): 5 [online] URL: www://ace-eco. org/voll/iss3/art5/.
  • Hightower, J. E., and C. Nesnow. 2006. Distribution and Abundance of American Eels in the White Oak River Estuary, North Carolin. Southeastern Naturalist 5(4):693-710.
  • McGowan, C. P., and T. R. Simons. 2006. Effects of human disturbance on the incubation behavior of American Oystercatchers. Wilson Bulletin 118: 485-493.
  • Favreau, J.M., C.A. Drew, G.R. Hess, M.J. Rubino, F.H. Koch, K.A. Eschelbach. 2006. Recommendations for assessing the effectiveness of surrogate species approaches. Biodiversity and Conservation 15(12) 3949-3969.
  • Allen, J. C., S. M. Krieger, J. R. Walters, and J. A. Collazo. 2006. Associations of breeding birds with fire-influenced and riparian-upland gradients in a longleaf pine ecosystem. Auk 123:1110-1128.
  • Hess, G.R., R.A. Bartel, A.K. Leidner, K.M. Rosenfeld, M.J. Rubino, S.A. Snider, T.R. Ricketts. 2006. Effectiveness of biodiversity indicators varies with extent, grain, and region. Biological Conservation 132(4) 448-457.
  • Burdick, S. M., and J. E. Hightower. 2006. Distribution of spawning activity by anadromous fishes in an Atlantic slope drainage, after the removal of a low-head dam . Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135:1290-1300.
  • Kwak, T. J., and F. J. Margraf. 2006. Fisheries employment in Cooperative Research Units: where agency meets academia. Pages 109-121 in D. A. Hewitt, W. E. Pine III, and A. V. Zale, editors. The American Fisheries Society guide to fisheries employment, second edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Rivera-Milan, F. F., J. A. Collazo, C. Stahala, W. J. Moore, A. Davis, G. Herring, R. Pagliaro, J. L. Thompson, and W. Bracey. In Press. Estimation of density and population size and recommendations for monitoring trends of Bahama parrots on Great Abaco and Great Inagua. The Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(3).
  • Hewitt, A. H., W. G. Cope, T. J. Kwak, T. Augspurger, P. R. Lazaro, and D. Shea. 2006. Influence of water quality and associated contaminants on survival and growth of the endangered Cape Fear shiner (Notropis mekistocholas). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25: 2288-2298.
  • Garth, H., and J. A. Collazo. Winter survival of Lesser Scaup in east-central Florida. J. Wildl. Manage.
  • Simons, T. R., S. A. Shriner, and G. L. Farnsworth. 2006. Comparison of breeding bird and vegetation communities in primary and secondary forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Biological Conservation 129: 302-311.
  • Cope, W. G., M. R. Bartsch, and J. E. Hightower. 2006. Population dynamics of zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) during the initial invasion of the upper Mississippi River, USA. Journal of Molluscan Studies 72:179-188.
  • Borkhataria, R. R, J. A. Collazo and M. J. Groom. 2006. Additive effects of vertebrate predators on insects in a Puerto Rican coffee plantation. Ecological Applications 16:696-703.
  • Alldredge, M. W., K. H. Pollock, and T. R. Simons. 2006. Estimating detection probabilities from multiple-observer point counts. The Auk 123: 1172-1182.
  • Hess, G.R., F.H. Koch, M.J. Rubino, K.A. Eschelbach, C.A. Drew, J.M. Favreau. 2006. Comparing the potential effectiveness of conservation approaches in central North Carolina, USA. Biological Conservation 128(3) 358-368.
  • Gleffe, J. D., J. A. Collazo, M. J. Groom, and L. Miranda-Castro. 2006. Avian reproduction and the value of shaded coffee plantations. Ornitolog�a Neotropical 17:271-282.
  • Brown J. J., J. Perillo, T. J. Kwak, and R. J. Horwitz. 2005. Implications of Pylodictis olivaris (flathead catfish) introduction into the Delaware and Susquehanna drainages Northeastern Naturalist 12: 473-484.
  • Kwak, T. J., W. E. Pine, III, and D. S. Waters. 2006. Age, growth, and mortality of introduced flathead catfish in Atlantic rivers and a review of other populations. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26: 73-87.
  • Rudershausen, P. J., J. E. Tuomikoski, J. A. Buckel, and J. E. Hightower. 2005. Prey selectivity and diet of striped bass in western Albemarle Sound, North Carolina. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:1059-1074.
  • Heltsley, R. M., W. G. Cope, D. Shea, R. B. Bringolf, T. J. Kwak, and E. G. Malindzak. 2005. Assessing organic contaminants in fish: comparison of a non-lethal tissue sampling technique to mobile and stationary passive sampling devices. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 7601-7608.
  • White, T. H., Jr., J. A. Collazo, and F. J. Vilella. 2005. Survival of captive-reared Puerto Rican Parrots released in the Caribbean National Forest. Condor 107:424-432.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2005. Relationship between Mayfield nest-survival estimates and seasonal fecundity: A cautionary reply. The Auk 122(3):1000-1001.
  • Bringolf, R. B., T. J. Kwak, W. G. Cope, and M. S. Larimore. 2005. Salinity tolerance of flathead catfish: implications for dispersal of introduced populations. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134: 927-936.
  • Gustafson, L. L., M. K. Stoskopf, A. E. Bogan, W. Showers, T. J. Kwak, S. Hanlon, and J. F. Levine. 2005. Evaluation of a nonlethal technique for hemolymph collection in Elliptio complanata, a freshwater bivalve (Mollusca: Unionidae). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 65: 159-165.
  • Gustafson, L. L., M. K. Stoskopf, W. Showers, G. Cope, C. Eads, R. Linnehan, T. J. Kwak, B. Andersen, and J. F. Levine. 2005. Reference ranges for hemolymph chemistries from Elliptio complanata of North Carolina. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 65: 167-176.
  • Pine, W. E, III, T. J. Kwak, D. S. Waters, and J. A. Rice. 2005. Diet selectivity of introduced flathead catfish in coastal rivers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134: 901-909.
  • Hyde, E. J., and T. R. Simons. 2005. Monitoring Salamander Populations in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Chapter 44 In: Status and Conservation of US Amphibians (M. J. Lannoo ed. ). University of Iowa Press.
  • McGowan, C. P., T. R. Simons, W. Golder, and J. Cordes. 2005 A comparison of American Oystercatcher reproductive success on barrier beach and river island habitats in coastal North Carolina. Waterbirds 28(2): 150-155.
  • Pollock, K. H., H. H. Marsh, L. L. Bailey, G. L. Farnsworth, T. R. Simons, and M. W. Alldredge. 2004. Methodology for separating components of detection probability in population abundance estimation: An overview with diverse examples. In: Sampling rare or elusive species: Concepts, designs, and techniques for estimating population parameters. William Thompson (ed. ). Island Press.
  • Collazo, J. A., M. J. Groom, S. M. Haig, T. H. White, and B. D. Muizniecks. 2006. In the eye of the hurricane: efforts to save the Puerto Rican Parrot. Essay 15. 5, Pp. 586-589 of Chapter 15: Restoration of Damaged Ecosystems and Endangered Populations, in M. J. Groom, G. K. Meffe, and C. R. Carroll (editors). Principles of Conservation Biology, 3rd edition, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • White, T. H., Jr., J. A. Collazo, F. J. Vilella, and S. A. Guerrero. 2005. Effects of hurricane Georges on habitat use by captive-reared Hispaniolan Parrots (Amazona ventralis) released in the Dominican Republic. Ornitolog�a Neotropical 16:405-417.
  • Radwell A. J., and T. J. Kwak. 2005. Assessing ecological integrity of Ozark rivers to determine suitability for protective status. Environmental Management 35: 799-810.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., J. D. Nichols, J. R. Sauer, S. T. Fancy, K. H. Pollock, S. A. Shriner, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Statistical approaches to the analysis of point count data: a little extra information can go a long way. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191: 736-743.
  • McGowan, C. P., S. A. Schulte, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Resightings of marked American Oystercatchers banded as chicks. Wilson Bulletin 117: 382-385.
  • Moore, F. R., M. S. Woodrey, J. J. Buler, S. Woltmann, and T. R. Simons. 2005. Understanding the stopover of migratory birds: a scale dependent approach. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191: 684-689.
  • Herring, G., and J. A. Collazo. 2005. Habitat Use, Movements and Home Range of Wintering Lesser Scaup in Florida. Waterbirds 28:71-78.
  • Waters, D. S., R. L. Noble, and J. E. Hightower. 2005. Fishing and natural mortality of adult largemouth bass in a tropical reservoir. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:563-571.
  • McGowan, C. P., and T. R. Simons. 2005. A method for trapping breeding adult American Oystercatchers. Journal of Field Ornithology 76(1):46-49.
  • Herring, G., and J. A. Collazo. 2005. Winter survival of Lesser Scaup in east-central Florida. J. Wildlife Management 68:1082-1087.
  • Saracco, J. F., J. A. Collazo, M. J. Groom, and T. A. Carlo. 2005. Crop Size and Fruit Neighborhood Effects on Bird Visitation to Fruiting Schefflera morototoni Trees in Puerto Rico. Biotropica 37:81-87.
  • Barwick, R. D., T. J. Kwak, R. L. Noble, and D. H. Barwick. 2004. Fish populations associated with habitat-modified piers and natural woody debris in Piedmont Carolina reservoirs. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24: 1120-1133.
  • Simons, T. R., F. R. Moore, and S. A. Gauthreaux. 2004. Mist netting trans-Gulf migrants at coastal stopover sites: the influence of spatial and temporal variability on capture data. In: The use of mist nets to monitor bird populations, (C. J. Ralph et al. eds. ). Studies in Avian Biology.
  • Ricks, B. R., J. E. Hightower, and A. M. Wicker. 2004. Preliminary Assessment of an Alaska Steeppass Fishway on a North Carolina Blackwater Creek. Proceedings of the Annual Conference, Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 58:92-99.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Estimating site occupancy and species detection probability parameters for terrestrial salamanders. Ecological Applications 14: 692-702.
  • Podolsky, A., T. R. Simons, and J. A. Collazo. 2004. A Method of food supplementation for ground-foraging insectivorous birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 75:296-302.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Estimating detectability parameters for plethodon salamanders using the robust capture-recapture design. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 1-13.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Spatial and temporal variation in detection probability of plethodon salamanders using the robust capture-recapture design. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 14-24.
  • Saracco, J. F., J. A. Collazo, and M. J. Groom. 2004. How do frugivores track resources? Insights from spatial analyses of birds foraging in a Puerto Rican forest. Oecologia 139:231-245.
  • Pollock, K. H., H. Jiang, and J. E. Hightower. 2004. Combining telemetry and fisheries tagging models to estimate fishing and natural mortality rates. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133:639-648.
  • Carlo, T. A., J. A. Collazo and M. J. Groom. 2004. Avian Foraging in Shaded Coffee Plantations: Influence of Fruit Abundance, Plant Species Composition, and Conservation Implications. Biotropica 36:602-614. .
  • Waters, D. S., T. J. Kwak, J. B. Arnott, and W. E. Pine III. 2004. Evaluation of stomach tubes and gastric lavage for sampling diets from blue catfish and flathead catfish. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24: 258-261.
  • Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Comparing population size estimators for Plethodon salamanders. Journal of Herpetology 38.
  • Stefanski, L.A., M.J. Rubino, and G.R. Hess. 2003. Estimating patch occupancy when patches are incompletely surveyed. Institute of Statistics Mimeo Series #2543
  • Tripp, K. J., and J. A. Collazo. 2003. Density and distribution of water boatmen and brine shrimp at a major shorebird wintering area in Puerto Rico. Wetlands Ecology and Management 11:331-341.
  • Pine, W. E., K. H. Pollock, J. E. Hightower, T. J. Kwak, and J. A. Rice. 2003. A review of tagging methods for estimating fish population size and components of mortality. Fisheries 28(10): 10-23.
  • Dinsmore, S. J., and J. A. Collazo. 2003. The influence of body condition on local apparent survival of spring migrant Sanderlings in Coastal North Carolina. Condor 105:465-473.
  • Hightower, J. E., and K. L. Sparks. 2003. Migration and spawning habitat of American shad in the Roanoke River, North Carolina. Pages 193-199 in K. E. Limburg and J. R. Waldman, editors. Biodiversity, status, and conservation of the world's shads. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 35, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Schmidt, R. E., B. M. Jessop, and J. E. Hightower. 2003. Status of river herring stocks in large rivers. Pages 171-182 in K. E. Limburg and J. R. Waldman, editors. Biodiversity, status, and conservation of the world's shads. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 35, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Holliman, F. M., J. B. Reynolds, and T. J. Kwak. 2003. A predictive risk model for electroshock- induced mortality of the endangered Cape Fear shiner. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 905-912.
  • Holliman, F. M., J. B. Reynolds, and T. J. Kwak. 2003. Electroshock-induced injury and mortality in the spotfin chub, a threatened minnow. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 962-966.
  • Rubino, M.J., and G.R. Hess. 2003. Planning open spaces for wildlife 2: Mapping and verifying focal species habitat. Landscape and Urban Planning, 64:89-104.
  • Collazo, J. A., T. H. White, Jr., F. J. Vilella and Simon A. Guerrero. 2003. Survival of captive-reared Hispaniolan parrots released in Parque del Este, Dominican Republic. Condor 105:198-207.
  • Carlo, T. A., J. A. Collazo and M. J. Groom. 2003. Avian fruit preference and seed dispersal effectiveness: A view of landscape variation of bird-plant interactions. Oecologia 134:119-131.
  • Quinn, J. W., and T. J. Kwak. 2003. Fish assemblage changes in an Ozark river after impoundment: a long-term perspective. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 110-119.
  • Armstrong, J. L., and J. E. Hightower. 2002. Potential for restoration of the Roanoke River population of Atlantic sturgeon. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 18(4 - 6): 475-480.
  • Erickson, D. L., J. A. North, J. E. Hightower, J. Weber, and L. Lauck. 2002. Movement and habitat use of green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris in the Rogue River, Oregon, USA. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 18:565-569.
  • Hightower, J. E., K. P. Zehfuss, D. A. Fox, and F. M. Parauka. 2002. Summer habitat use by Gulf sturgeon in the Choctawhatchee River, Florida. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 18:595-600.
  • Collazo, J. A., C. A. Kelly, and D. A. O'harra. Accessible habitat for shorebirds: factors influencing its availability and conservation implications. Waterbirds 25 (Special Publication 2): 13-24.
  • Lichstein, J. W., T. R. Simons, S. A Shriner, and K. E. Franzreb. 2002. Spatial autocorrelation and autoregressive models in ecology. Ecological Monographs. 72 (3):445-463
  • Pender, D. R., and T. J. Kwak. 2002. Factors influencing brown trout reproductive success in Ozark tailwater rivers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:698-717.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., K. H. Pollock, J. L. Nichols, T. R. Simons, J. E. Hines, and J. R. Sauer. 2002. A removal model for estimating detection probabilities from point count surveys. The Auk 119: 414-425
  • Lichstein, J. W., T. R. Simons, and K. E. Franzreb. 2002. Landscape effects on breeding songbird abundance in managed forests. Ecological Applications. 12(3): 836-857.
  • Pearson, S. M., and T. R. Simons. 2002. Spatial analysis of stopover habitats of Neotropical migratory birds. Chapter 52 In: Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Scale and Accuracy. Island Press.
  • Shriner, S. A., and T. R. Simons. 2002. Modeling habitat associations of breeding birds in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Chapter 47 In: Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Scale and Accuracy. Island Press.
  • Pollock, K. H., J. D. Nichols, T. R. Simons, G. L. Farnsworth, L. L. Bailey, and J. R. Sauer. 2002. The design of large scale wildlife monitoring studies. Envirometrics 13: 1-15.
  • Fox, D. A., J. E. Hightower, and F. M. Parauka. 2002. Estuarine and nearshore marine habitat use By Gulf sturgeon from the Choctawhatchee River system, Florida. American Fisheries Society Symposium 28:111-126.
  • Collazo, J. A., and G. Bonilla-Martinez. 2001. Population size, survival, and movements of White-cheeked Pintail in eastern Puerto Rico. Caribbean J. Science 37:194-201.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2001. How many baskets? Clutch sizes that maximize annual fecundity of multiple-brooded birds. The Auk 118: 973-982.
  • Hyde, E. J., and T. R. Simons. 2001. Sampling Plethodontid salamanders: sources of variability. Journal of Wildlife Management 65(4): 624-632.
  • Davis, M. B., T. R. Simons, M. J. Groom, J. L. Weaver, and J. R. Cordes. 2001. The breeding status of American Oystercatcher on the east coast of North America and breeding success in North Carolina. Waterbirds 24(2): 195-202.
  • Jackson, J. R., and J. E. Hightower. 2001. Reservoir striped bass movements and site fidelity in relation to seasonal patterns in habitat quality. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21:34-45.
  • Sallabanks, R., J. R. Walters, and J. A. Collazo. 2000. Breeding bird abundance in bottomland hardwood forests: habitat, edge, and patch size effects. Condor 102:748-758.
  • Beasley, C. A., and J. E. Hightower. 2000. Effects of a low-head dam on the distribution and characteristics of spawning habitat used by striped bass and American shad. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129:1372-1386.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., K. C. Weeks, and T. R. Simons. 2000. Validating the assumptions of the Mayfield Method. Journal of Field Ornithology 71:658-664.
  • Collazo, J. A., J. E. Saliva, and J. Pierce. 2000. Status of Caribbean Brown Pelicans. Edited by David C. Lee and Elizabeth A. Schreiber. Society of Caribbean Ornithology, Special Pub. No. 1. Pages. 39-45.
  • Fox, D. A., J. E. Hightower, and F. M. Parauka. 2000. Gulf sturgeon spawning migration and habitat in the Choctawhatchee River System, Alabama-Florida. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129:811-826.
  • Quinn, J. W., and T. J. Kwak. 2000. Use of rehabilitated habitat by brown trout and rainbow trout in an Ozark tailwater river. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20: 737-751.
  • Farnsworth, G. L., and T. R. Simons. 2000. Observation of Wood Thrush nest predators in a large contiguous forest. Wilson Bulletin 112: 82-87.
  • Simons, T. R., G. L. Farnsworth, and S. A. Shriner. 2000. Evaluating Great Smoky Mountains National Park as a population source for the Wood Thrush. Conservation Biology 14:1133-1144.
  • Simons, T. R., S. A. Pearson, and F. R. Moore. 2000. Application of spatial models to the stopover ecology of trans-Gulf migrants. Studies in Avian Biology 20: 4-14.
  • Saracco, J. F., and J. A. Collazo. 1999. Predation on artificial nests along three edge types in a North Carolina bottomland hardwood forest. Wilson Bulletin 111:541-549.
  • Hightower, J. E., W. J. Fleming, and M. A. Hayman. 1999. Effects of contaminated sediments on brown bullhead age structure, growth, and condition in a North Carolina tidal creek. American Fisheries Society Symposium 24:161-172.
  • Peterson, J. T., and T. J. Kwak. 1999. Modeling the effects of land use and climate change on riverine smallmouth bass. Ecological Applications 9: 1391-1404.
  • Hochachka, W. M., T. E. Martin, V. Artman, C. R. Smith, S. J. Hejl, D. E. Andersen, D. Curson, L. Petit, N. Mathews, T. Donovan, E. E. Klaas, P. B. Wood, J. C. Manolis, K. P. McFarland, J. V. Nichols, J. C. Bednarz, D. M. Evans, J. P. Duguay, S. Garner, J. Tewksbury, K. L. Purcell, J. Faaborg, C. B. Goguen, C. Rimmer, R. Dettmers, M. Knutson, J. A. Collazo, L. Garner, D. Whitehead, and G. Geupel. 1999. Scale dependence in the effects of forest coverage on parasitization by brown-headed cowbirds. Studies in Avian Biology 18:80-88.
 

Current Staff

Federal Staff: 4

Masters Students: 3

Phd Students: 5

Post Docs: 3

University Staff: 25

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 28

Scientific Publications: 100

Presentations: 168

 

North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. North Carolina State University
  2. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey
  5. Wildlife Management Institute