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An assessment of neonicotinoid exposure on USFWS high diversity grasslands in the Prairie Pothole Region


March 2016 - March 2020


Neonicotinoids are a class of neuro-active insecticides developed in the 1990s because of widespread pest resistance and environmental objections to organophosphorus insecticides. We intend to estimate rate of uptake, accumulation, persistence, and concentration of neonicotiniods in native prairie plants on US Fish and Wildlife Service remnant native and restored grasslands in the Prairie Pothole Region.


Current Staff

Federal Staff: 3

Masters Students: 7

Phd Students: 1

Post Docs: 0

University Staff: 1

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 20

Scientific Publications: 55

Presentations: 119



  • Joshua StaffordPrincipal Investigator
  • Jonathan LungrenCo-Principal Investigator

Funding Agencies

  • Science Support Program


South Dakota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks
  2. South Dakota State University
  3. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. U.S. Geological Survey
  5. Wildlife Management Institute