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Sara Sweeten

Sara Sweeten


I have broad interests in measuring biological integrity of aquatic ecosystems. I have worked with stream habitat, fish, aquatic macroinvertebrates, freshwater mussels, Wood turtles, and currently amphibians.

Research Interests

Assessing current legacy impacts of surface mining on biological integrity in the Appalachians.

Research Publications

  • Sweeten, S.E. and W.M. Ford. Effects of microhabitat and large-scale land use on stream salamander occupancy in the coalfields of Central Appalachia. Journal of Ecology and Natural Environment 8:129-141
  • Sweeten, S.E. and W.M. Ford. 2016. Validation of a stream and riparian habitat assessment protocol using stream salamanders in the southwest Virginia coalfields. Journal of The American Society of Mining and Reclamation 5:45-46 Abstract |  Publisher Website | 
  • Sweeten, S.E., and W.M. Ford. 2015. Effects of Microhabitat and Land Use on Stream Salamander Abundance in the Southwest Virginia Coalfields. 2nd Proceedings of Environmental Considerations in Energy Production. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc, Englewood, Colorado, USA. 19 p.Considerations in Energy Production (in review). Abstract | 
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Current Staff

Federal Staff: 2

Masters Students: 10

Phd Students: 4

Post Docs: 3

University Staff: 2

5 Year Summary

Students graduated: 13

Scientific Publications: 72

Presentations: 118


Contact Information

Tel: (618) 841 - 0219


Virginia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Cooperators

  1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  2. U.S. Geological Survey
  3. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
  4. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  5. Wildlife Management Institute