There are varied reasons why someone would engage in trout fishing. When done for fun, trout fishing gives one a sense of freedom and relief from everyday life. As a social activity, it provides one with an excellent opportunity to bond with loved ones. Practically, trout fishing offers a healthy source of natural food at the end of the day.
Although trout fishing is relatively simple to get into, you need to know the basics before embarking on a fishing mission. This article covers the fundamentals of trout fishing for beginners, although more experienced fishers may also find some crucial tips.
Facts about Trout
Before fishing, it is vital to know what you are looking for. Trout is a species of freshwater fish classified into Salvelinus, Oncorhynchus, and Salmo. All of them are commonly found in freshwater in streams, lakes, ponds, and rivers.
The three most common species are rainbow, brook, and brown trout. Their diet comprises aquatic insects, leeches, worms, and other aquatic invertebrates. When they grow bigger, they start feeding on other small fishes.
Trout Fishing Essentials
Here is what you will need to get started with your fishing expedition:
Simply because trout are plenty and available, it does not mean that there are no rules to follow before fishing. One of the essentials of knowing how to fish is understanding these regulations in and out.
Some areas will require you to get a fishing license. In others, the open season for trout fishing is restricted. Additional measures may be put into place for things like the minimum size or the daily number of fish you can catch. Some states have stipulated standards for catching and releasing to reduce the death of trout released back into their habitats.
Although getting a license may sound a bit complicated, landing the permits is very straightforward. You can even do it online by searching the state name followed by “fishing license“.
Therefore, before making your trip, review all state and local measures to ensure that you are compliant.
Trout Fishing Gear
You will not succeed in your fishing if you do not have the proper equipment. For a beginner, you can start by hiring the fishing gear from your local fishing store. By doing so, you have a chance to try out trout fishing one or multiple times without necessarily committing and spending on everything you require.
The gear you will require for trout fishing is:
A rod is one of the most effortless gear pieces to find, and one is needed to catch trout. Most come in three categories- casting, fly, and spinning rods. Make sure that you match them with the correct reel. Also, note that spinning rods are the best for trout fishing.
If you choose to buy a rod, look for them in sporting stores, tackle and fishing stores, or online stores.
Fishing reel and line
Choose between traditional, spinning, or spin-cast reels. However, just like the rod, a spinning reel is recommended for beginners due to its ease of use. Couple it with quality and a strong matching marching line.
Pole length is crucial when determining what is best for trout fishing. A pole length of 6 or 7 feet is ideal and should produce medium action making it versatile if you decide to catch other fish apart from trout.
Floats, weights, reels, hooks, sinkers, and liners are the most vital tackle for trout fishing. You can also purchase these at the mentioned stores. For a beginner, use a float to prevent the bait from embedding in the bottom of the water.
This can be artificial or live. Before using live baits such as worms, leeches, or grasshoppers, check whether it is legal in your state.
Artificial bait is designed to resemble a live one, and most possess a scent attractive to fish, just like live bait. If you decide to use an artificial one, purchase one that is exclusive for attracting trout. Bait fishing is more efficient for catching trout than other methods.
You may require a sling pack, bug spray, sunscreen, and sunglasses in addition to the above fishing gear. It would be best to have safety gear such as a fishing wader for you to be dry and a vest for safety.
Trout Fishing Methods
This the best method for beginners and the easiest way to catch trout. It is most effective in slow-moving water. Here, you rig a hook and bait and let the bait lay at the bottom. Ensure that the line is tight and there is no bait movement. This way, it comes across the fish naturally. Be on the watch for any action as the fish may bite lightly.
This requires one to be patient and can easily be boring. However, as you gain experience, the finer aspects of this method start to be exciting.
Here, you place your bait and allow it to flow with the currents. It is carried out in flowing water, especially in rivers and streams. A crucial point is where you place yourself in the river or stream. You should get a location where you can get the required drift amount. If not, it becomes challenging to catch trout. An angler may need a fishing kayak for best positioning.
Fishing with jigs
When using this method, it is best to bring a good fish-finder. It does not necessarily have to be costly, as even affordable ones will still do the job.
A fish-finder helps in locating the path and depth of the fish. After this, place the jig where the fish is. Then, allow it to have a free fall into the water up to a meter below the trout fish.
This trout fishing method is utilized where there is light current, especially in rivers and streams. It works effectively because trout are lazy. When fishing in a river or stream, trout usually position themselves towards the top because the current contains food.
Where to Find Trout
Trout is commonly found in the cold and moving water and are known for running up and down rivers and creeks. Trout can also be found in lakes.
The more remote a water source is, the higher the chances of finding trout in them. This is yet another reason why trout fishing is a fun activity.
When to go Trout Fishing
The most appropriate time to go trout fishing in low elevation lakes is during fall and spring. The water is more relaxed at this period, and the trout are more active. If you want to fish during the warm summer months, look for trout in deep and calm waters. They can also be found in mountain lakes which are usually cool every time of the year.
Fishing in Ponds and Lakes
Best places to fish trout in ponds and lakes are close to or above aquatic vegetation. They can also be found near rocks, stumps and logs around stream inlets because they frequent these places searching for food.
You can also locate them in deep lakes. In these, they are of huge sizes and put up intense fights, which is mesmerizing.
Fishing in Streams and Rivers
If you want to avoid guesswork and save energy, conduct research to find more about the river or stream where you want to go fishing. Ensure that you learn more about the deep pools. With this knowledge, you will find trout with minimal effort.
Deep pools created by a current possess giant trout, which you can easily harvest at dawn or dusk. Shallow pools have smaller trout, which are also found behind rocks and other structures.
Trout Fish Care
Sometimes you might catch fish, and you want to release it back into the water. Here is what you should do:
- Use a barbless hook to avoid injuring the fish.
- Moisturize your hands before handling the trout.
- Do not remove the fish from the water.
- Remove the hook using needle-nosed pliers.
- If you want to take a photo, do it quickly and land the fish back into the water immediately.
Getting out there and giving fishing a try can be intimidating. However, like every other new hobby, going out of your comfort zone is the best way to learn. Once you grasp trout fishing basics, you will get practical experience quickly.
With the trout fishing tips, nothing is stopping you from beginning your journey of trout fishing. However, be careful as trout fishing is an insanely addictive hobby, and we cannot assure you that you will not lose a lot of your time at the river.